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The Ultimate Sanctions on Iran

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by

Brock Arnold

on 18 July 2013

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Transcript of The Ultimate Sanctions on Iran

Introduction
Identification
The United Nations Security Council Resolutions
1696 | 1737 | 1747 | 1803 | 1835 | 1929 | 1984 | 2049
All are sanctions dealing with Iran
Sanctions are designed to deter Iran
Resolutions 1929, 1984, & 2049 are identical
Explanation
Banking
Modern Technologies
Certain Foods
Fuel
Raw Materials
Weapons
Luxury Items
Foreign Business Transactions
Anything "related" to Nuclear Program
1995-1996
2002
2009-2013
The Beginning (1950s)
Shah Mohammad Pahlavi allies with Eisenhower
Russia begins partnership in 1995
Nuclear Program Restarts (1984)
Iran-Iraq War changes Iran
Weapons of Mass Destruction (2002)
UN discovers plans to make WMDs
2006
UN Sanctions (2006)
Unanimous support for sanctions
1984
Attacks and Negotiations (2009-2013)
Uncovered plans to make mountain power plant (2009)
1950s
Backround & History
"Atoms for Peace"
America BUILDS first power plant
Ayatollah Khomeini seeks to bolster influence
Rebuilds with German partners
The Beginning of Sanctions (1996-ish)
Clinton begins sanctions on foreign businesses
This is weird
America preoccupied with Iraq invasion plans
Queen Diamond (2003)
Germany
UK
France
Brazil
Turkey
America
Russia
China
Saudi Arabia
India
South Africa
Cyber-attacks with Israel and America (2010)
"Pressing" for talks
Bombings (2010)
Current Situation
Oil exports at 26-year low
Shrinking at about 25% every year
Iran 2nd only to Saudi Arabia
Clerically dominated regime
Millions impoverished by sanctions
Prices and currency
Graphical Support to Current Situation
(Kusher, 2012)
Differing Viewpoints
Sanctions & Economy
Politicians' View
The Qualifier
Both Sides are Wrong
No Negotiations
(Press, 2013) | (Parsi, 2013)
Rial's "devastation"
Banking "virtually paralyzed"
Oil "dramatically damaged"
Conservatives VS The White House
Many Democrats demand "maximum levels"
Severe sanctions are safest
Iranian sanctions ARE hurting economy
The economy is not the target
Iran has yet to be successfully deterred
The debate about sanctions is petit
"Directionless" goals keep Iran in dark
No deterance only economic pain
(Press, 2013)
(Parsi, 2013)
Where are all the talks?
Can sanctions even be lifted?
Why is there no incentive given?
Policy Recommendation
Viewpoints
The Future
Current Situation
B & H
Conclusion
Started by America
Sought energy
Iran wants influence against its neighbors
Economy is in shambles
Sanctions happened under strange circumstances
Nuclear program doing great
Politicians back economically devastating sanctions
Economics are not working against Iran
There are many alternatives to JUST sanctions
Iran will probably obtain WMD eventually
America can help build Iran
But Russia can too
Policy Recommendation
Political Feasibility
Economic Feasibility
The Ideas
Wind
Solar
Hydro-electric
Natural Gas
"Stringed" Sanctions
Technological Barriers
("Iran-Analysis", 2013)
("Iran-Analysis", 2013)
Asoomi, M. (2013, June 12). Iran sanctions an exercise in futility.gulfnews.com. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from www.gulfnews.com/business/opinion/iran-sanctions-an-exercise-in-futility-1.1196026

Beachy, S. (2013, June 15). Timeline on Iran's Nuclear Program. Middle East. Retrieved July 12, 2013, from www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/03/20/world/middleeast/Iran-nuclear-timeline.html?_r=0#/#time243_7503

Blas, J. (2013, April 30). New oil sanctions start to bite Iran. The Commodities Note. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/f65f5396-b16b-11e2-9315-00144feabdc0,Authorised=false.html?_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2Ff65f5396-b16b-11e2-9315-00144feabdc0.html&_i_referer=#axzz2Wm

Clapper, J. (2013, May 1). Iran's economy declines as sanctions bite.freenewspos.com. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from http://www.freenewspos.com/news/article/a/212957/26%20UPI/iran-39-s-economy-declines-as-sanctions-bite

Erdbrink, T. (2013, June 17). Iran President-Elect wants to ease strains with U.S., but Sees No Direct Talks - NYTimes.com. Middle East. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/18/world/middleeast/irans-president-elect-says-he-wants-better-us-ties.html?_r=0

FAQ. (2013, July 1). Resource Center. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from www.treasury.gov/resource-center/faqs/Sanctions/Pages/answer.aspx#
Iran Sanctions. (2013, April 23). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 19, 2013, from http://www.state.gov/e/eb/tfs/spi/iran/index.htm

Johnson, T. (2013, June 12). The lengthening list of Iran Sanctions.Backgrounder. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from www.cfr.org/iran/lengthening-list-iran-sanctions/p20258

Katzman, K. (2013, May 31). Iran sanctions . Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS20871.pdf

Kusher, D. (2012). Iran, Islamic Rep. | Data. Data. Retrieved July 9, 2013, from http://data.worldbank.org/country/iran-islamic-republic
Sanctions against Iran. (2013, May 29). Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada / Affairesétrangères et Commerce international Canada. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from http://www.international.gc.ca/sanctions/iran

Seizmore, C. (2013, February 6). Fact Sheet: Implementation of National Defense Authorization Act Sanctions on Iran. Press Center. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/tg1409.aspx
Starr, J. (2012, July 15). Timeline of U.S. Sanctions. The Iran Primer. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/timeline-us-sanctions

Tait, R. (2012, July 1). Iran's food costs soar and unemployment spirals as nuclear sanctions begin to bite - Telegraph. World-Middle East-Iran. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/9368117/Irans-food-costs-soar-and-unemployment-spirals-as-nuclear-sanctions-begin-to-bite.html

Bibliography
Iranian Sanctions
GDP
Fuel Consumption
Oil & Gas Fields
(Brought to you by The Brock)
Full transcript