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Plessy v. Ferguson prezi

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Abby Rogers

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Plessy v. Ferguson prezi

Plessy v. Ferguson Business Law Final 2013 Sara Amble, Madeline Blank, Abby Rogers Miss Martinich Parties involved: Plaintiff- Homer A. Plessy: Free man, 1/8 black, but did not consider himself to be black.. Plessy was required to sit in the "colored" train car because under the Louisiana law of 1890, he was still considered to be black. He refused and was arrested. Plessy was on a committee that was formed to challenge the Jim Crow laws. He intentionally broke the law in order to start a case. Defendant- John H. Ferguson: Ferguson was originally the judge for Plessy's original trial, Plessy v. The State of Louisiana. Ferguson ruled in favor of the East Louisiana Railroad Company (defendant). Summary: On June 7th, 1892, Homer Plessy traveled on the East Louisiana Rail Road to go to Covington, LA. He boarded the "white only" car even though he was only 7/8 white. Plessy was told to move to the colored train car, and he refused. He was put in jail. Plessy was on a committee that was formed to challenge the Jim Crow laws. He intentionally broke the law in order to start a case.The original case, Plessy v. The State of Louisiana went to court. Plessy argued that the train had denied him his 13th and 14th amendments. John Ferguson, the judge, ruled in favor of the railroad company. 13th and 14th amendments: The 13th amendment states that neither slavery or involuntary punishment is legal, except as a punishment. The 14th Amendment states that: anyone born on American soil is guaranteed full American citizenship, no state can strip any of its residents of the full privileges of American citizenship, all citizens are guaranteed "due process of law," (states cannot pass unfair laws), all citizens are guaranteed "equal protection of the laws," (states cannot discriminate against particular groups of citizens). Lower court verdict: The Criminal District court for the Parish of Orleans: Judge John H. Ferguson came to the verdict that the railroad companies did not violate any of Plessy's rights and ruled in favor of the railroad companies. The Louisiana Supreme Court: When Plessy appealed to the Supreme Court of Louisiana, he was met with the same verdict. They too agreed that having separate but "equal" train-cars for different races was constitutional. The Jim Crow Laws: The Jim Crow Laws were enacted from 1879-1965. They mandated racial segregation in public facilities in Southern States. These laws made segregation legal in the United States of America. Petition before the Supreme Court: Plaintiff Argument (Plessy): ·Violated his 13th amendment right.

·Violated his 14th amendment right.

·Separate Car act implied inferiority of minorities.

·Segregated facilities violate the equal protection clause.

· Cannot be denied any rights of citizenship Defendant Argument (Ferguson): ·It is the right of each state to make rules to protect public safety

·Segregated facilities reflected the public’s will in Louisiana

·A separate but equal facility provided the protections required by the 14th amendment and satisfied the demands of white citizens Relief Sought: Plessy's goal was to be arrested so that he was able to challenge the Jim Crow Laws. He desired equality, freedom, protection and rights for all races. Decisions of the Supreme Court: · The court made the decision on May 18th, 1896
· The supreme courts vote was 7:1 in majority for Ferguson/ Louisiana State (one of the judges did not vote)
·Chief Justice Meliville Fuller, Justice Stephen Johnson Field, Justice Horace Gray, Justice Henry Billings Brown, Justice George Shiras Jr., Justice Edward Douglass White, and Justice Rufus Wheeler Peckham voted in the majority for Ferguson
·The majority believed that purpose of the fourteenth amendment was only to “enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law” and not to enforce social equality or “a commingling of the two races upon term unsatisfactory to other” Importance of Plessy v. Ferguson ·This case did not change, add or take anything away from the constitution

·This case was superseded by the 1954 case Brown vs. Board of Ed. The argument of ‘separate but equal’ did not apply; the facilities built for blacks did not meet the same standards as the facilities built for whites. Plessy v. Ferguson validated the practice of segregation. The end!!!
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