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Transcript of Hamlet
The Life of William Shakespeare
Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom. He grew up with an underclass family. When he was a small lad, he attended a grammar school called King's New School. Since he was poor, Shakespeare did not attend a university. He went on to marry a girl named Anne Hathaway at the age of eighteen. Anne was twenty-six at the time. Anne and Shakespeare gave birth to Susanna on May 26, 1583. They later had twins on February 2, 1585. The twins were named Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet died at age eleven because of unknown causes. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616.
Three Major Symbols
Madness can lead the great down the path of destruction
The King of Denmark, Hamlet's uncle
Calculating, ambitious, powerful, and manipulating
"do it England for like the hectic in my blood he rages and thou must cure me
Till I know 'tis done
Howe'ver my haps, my joys were ne'er begun"
"What would you undertake to show yourself your father's son in deeds more than words?"
Hamlet's black attire sets him apart from the rest the city because he is he only one still mourning. Hamlet's "solemn suit of black" can't even begin to express his anguish and grief.
Prince of Denmark
Melancholy, bitter, cynical, and full of hatred
"I have that within me which passes show / these but the trappings and the suits of woe"
"To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, And by opposing end them?" - Hamlet
"Thou wretched, rash, intruding fool, farewell! / I took thee for thy better"
"Tis not alone my inky coat, good mother,
Nor customary suits of solemn black,
Nor windy suspiration of forced breath,
No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
Nor the rejected 'havior of the visage,
Together of all forms, moods, shapes of griefs,
that can denote me truly"
The ghost's appearance sets the revenge plot into motion, but it also delays the play's action. The spirit represents the way young Hamlet is haunted by his dad's memory.
Polonius's daughter, Hamlet's lover
Queen of Denmark, Hamlet's mother
"So art thou to revenge when thou shalt hear."
weak, lustful, motherly, and loves Hamlet
"But know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy father's life
Now wears his crown."
sweet, innocent, young, beautiful, and loyal
young, passionate, and quick to action
"so shall I hope your virtues will bring him to his wonted way again"
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern
Fennel symbolized strength and praiseworthiness, columbine symbolized folly, daisies symbolized innocence, and violets symbolized faithfulness and modesty.
"There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray,
love, remember, and there is pansies. That's for thoughts […].
There's fennel for you, and columbines: there's rue
for you; and here's some for me: we may call it
herb-grace o' Sundays: O you must wear your rue with
a difference. There's a daisy: I would give you
some violets, but they withered all when my father died."
"O gentle son… whereon do you look"
"My lord he hath importuned me with love in honourable fashion"
Voltimand & Cornelius
Marcellus & Bernardo
"as you did command I did repel his letters and denied his access to me"
"Fall ten times treble on that cursed head,
Whose wicked deed thy most ingenious sene
Deprived thee of! Hold off the earth awhile
Till I have caught her once more in mine arms. (leaps into the grave)"
"But I almost feel guilty"
14th & 15th Centuries, or 1300 to 1499.
Fun Stuff :)
After the twins were born, Shakespeare has seven years of his life missing. There are no records to show what he has been doing for that period of time. Scholars call this the "lost years."
This play is historically significant because it represented: first, the change from the old values (Claudius, Gertrude and Polonius) to the new values (Ophelia and Hamlet). The Elizabethan era, the time period that the play occurs in, was a time of change as new ideals and traditions were replacing the old ones.
Second, it represents the culture of the time. Christianity was more prominatne then than it is now, and it is because of this that Hamlet postpones the murder of Claudius.
A Shakespearian Tragedy: Prince Hamlet is depressed by the murdering of his father. His father appears as the ghost to tell Hamlet to get revenge on King Claudis, who murdered him and stole his wife away. Hamlet does not know whether to believe the ghost or not, so he puts on a play that reinacts the murder and the King reacts appropriately. He then goes through with his revenge for his father.
"Hamlet is my favorite story. Everyone dies."
- Grumpy Cat