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Cerebral Palsy

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by

Tori Russo

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Cerebral Palsy

Challenges in School
Challenges in Employment
What is the nature of CP?
Reasonable Accommodations
School:
Notetaker or help recording answers, extended test period, visual signals to help participation, accessible seating arrangement or classroom layout.
Work:
Modifications to improve accessibility (automatic door openers, parking, ramps, elevators, etc.)
Assistive Technology
Drug Therapy & Surgical Interventions
Cerebral Palsy

Danielle
Related Services
PT
OT
SLP
Recreational Therapy
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral Palsy is a disorder that affects muscle tone, muscle control, coordination movements and motor skills.
It is one of the most common congenital disorder of childhood.
About 500,000 children and adults of all ages in the United States have the condition.
Treatment Strategies
Although there is no cure for CP, physical impairments can be managed with a wide range of treatments and therapies
Lisa
How do people get CP?
A brain injury or brain malformation before, during, or immediately after birth.
Each cause is unique to the individual.
The uniqueness depends on the type of injury, extent of injury, and the timing of the injury.
Tori Russo
Kara McMahon
Megan Wyckoff
Bailey Morgan
Megan Clark
Mobility
Communication Issues
Pain
Intellectual Disabilities
Bladder Control
Epilepsy
CP is not a progressive disorder, but the effects (such as limited movement) can take a toll on the body.
Developmental delays
Decreased strength and energy
Decreased appetite and eating
Decreasing lung strength and capacity.
Osteoarthritis
Scoliosis
Maintenance of treatment strategies
Making friends & fitting in
Getting around
Communicating with teachers
Utilizing technology
Playing with friends at recess
Using the bathroom
Dealing with emotions
3 types of Cerebral Palsy
Spastic cerebral palsy
-causes stiffness and movement difficulties
Athetoid cerebral palsy
- leads to involuntary and uncontrolled movements
Ataxic cerebral palsy
- causes a disturbed sense of balance and depth perceptions
Diagnosing of CP
Prevention
How CP affects development
CP takes time to diagnose
There is no test that confirms or rules out CP
Children can be diagnosed soon after birth but most cases are in the first 2 years
For children with milder symptoms, it can't be confirmed CP until the brain is fully developed which is about 3-5 years old
There is not prevention for CP but there are ways to lessen the risks of it.
Seek appropriate prenatal care
Eat a healthy diet
Avoid smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse before and during pregnancy
Use child safety ex)wearing seat belt in the car and wearing helmet when riding a bike
Each situation is different some have mild impairments where others are severely affected.
The brain damage that causes CP can also affect other brain functions.
These can include visual impairments, hearing loss, food aspiration, speech problems, tooth decay, sleep disorder and more.
Children with the most severe case of CP can experience seizures, speech and communication problems.
What kind of CP is most common?
Spastic
Name an accommodation that can be made in school or work?
Questions
Four Types Of Brain Damage
Periventricular Leukomalacia
Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy
Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Cerebral Dysgenesis
Used to manage impairment, manage pain, and provide optimum quality-of-life by instilling functionality, self-care, and independence.
Optimize mobility
Mange primary conditions
Control pain
Prevent and manage complications, associative conditions and co-mitigating factors
Maximize independence & self-care
Enhance social and peer interactions
Optimize ability to communicate
Maximize learning potential
Provide quality-of-life
Treatment varies case by case, but the central goal of treatment for those with CP is to:
Different types of therapy:
Chiropractic Intervention
Aqua Therapy
Behavioral Therapy
Conductive education
Message Therapy
Music Therapy
Acupuncture
Hippotherapy
Nutrition and Diet Counseling
Occupational Therapy
Sensory Integration
Physical Therapy
Vocational Counseling
Recreational Therapy
Respiratory Therapy
Social Therapy
Speech Therapy
Play Therapy
Suit Therapy
Therapy & Adaptive Equipment
Medication
Antispasmodics:
reduce muscle spasms and relax tightness in the muscles
Anticonvulsants:
treat seizures in those who experience them as a side effect
Anticholingerics:
help children who experience uncontrollable drooling
Surgery
Orthopedic surgery:
surgical treatment of musculoskeletal conditions
Neurosurgery:
surgical treatment of neurological conditions
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