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Smoking

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by

Fatima Alaali

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of Smoking

Smoking
Introduction
Definition of smoking:
Introduction
Why smoking is a global issue?
Contributing Factors
Impacts
Solutions
1.
Premature mortality
2.
second-hand smoke
3.

Number of smokers is rising
References List
The inhalation of the smoke of burning tobacco products.
"
"
(World Health Organization, n.d.)
Facts & Figures
More than
C H E M I C A L S
Tobacco smoke contains mix of
At least
CAUSE CANSER
and
American Cancer Society (2015),

U.S. Department of Health & Human

Services (2014) and BBC (2014)
Common types of tobacco use:
Cigarettes
Electronic cigars
Figure 1. Cigarettes (Mortensen, 2012).
Pips
Figure 2. Bandmonline (E Cigarette UK, 2014)
Cigars
Figure 4. Photograph of a pipe (Gray, 2009)
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ).
Figure 3. Tatuaje Monster Series Collection (Halfwheel, 2014)
M I L L I O N
M I L L I O N
p e o p l e
p e o p l e
In 2012
In 1980
According to JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) (2012)
.
T R I L L I O N
c i g a r e t t e s
Tobacco killed 100 million people globally in the 20th century
(Eriksen, Mackay, Schluger, Gomeshtapeh & Drope, 2015 ).
Around third of these deaths are due to cancer
(Cancer Research UK, 2014 )
.
It still kills nearly 6 million people each year
(World Health Organization, 2015 ).
.
T R I L L I O N
c i g a r e t t e s
In 2012
In 1980
According to JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) (2012) and BBC (2014)
were smoked
Is unwanted smoke that non-smokers breathe when they sit next to a smoker
Social issue - people exposure to second-hand smoke from workplaces, public places and when they are with their friends or family
Since 1964, approx. 2.5 million people have died because of second-hand smoke
(Cambridge Dictionary).
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
Influenced by others can lead to emulate the behavior and try smoking.
According to Sasha Cain (2014), a partition health psychologist,
Every day an estimated 82,000 to 99,000 young people start smoking.
World Health Organization (2010) states
Health impacts
Tobacco smoke contains more than
known cancer bringing on chemicals.
Economy IMPACT
More than
C H E M I C A L S
Tobacco smoke contains mix of
At least
CAUSE CANSER
and
American Cancer Society (2015),

U.S. Department of Health & Human

Services (2014) and BBC (2014)
M I L L I O N
M I L L I O N
p e o p l e
p e o p l e
In 1980
In 2012
According to JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) (2012)
Facts & Figures
Common types of tobacco use:
Cigarettes
Electronic cigars
Figure 1. Cigarettes (Mortensen, 2012).
Pips
Figure 2. Bandmonline (E Cigarette UK, 2014)
Cigars
Figure 4. Photograph of a pipe (Gray, 2009)
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ).
Figure 3. Tatuaje Monster Series Collection (Halfwheel, 2014)
.
T R I L L I O N
c i g a r e t t e s
.
T R I L L I O N
c i g a r e t t e s
In 2012
In 1980
According to JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) (2012) and BBC (2014)
were smoked
smoked
smoked
According to Nicotine & Tobacco Research Journal (2009)
Made of leaf tobacco, which are intended to be smoked, sucked, chewed or snuffed
Tobacco products
were smoked
Premature mortality
Second-hand smoke
Number of smokers is rising
Tobacco Marketing
Peer Pressure
Stress and Personal problems
Tobacco Marketing
1.

television shows and movies
*
*
*
TV shows and movies
Tobacco industry’s ads and promotions
Women targeting
Smoking related images in films and TV shows was banned by 1998 because it attracts the attention of young people
(American Cancer Society, 2014).
In 2010, more than 30% of top-grossing movies had tobacco-related scenes
The numbers of movies showing smokers started going up again in the next years which it stimulate people to start smoking
(American Cancer Society, 2014).
(American Cancer Society, 2014).
2.

TOBACCO INDUSTRY’S ADS AND PROMOTIONS
One of the largest influences in our society.
(Federal Trade Commission, 2015).
In 2006, the five largest cigarette manufacturers spent a total of $12.49 billion dollars to promote and advertise their products
The tobacco industry spends billions of dollars yearly to create and market ads
(Federal Trade Commission, 2015).
(American Lung Association, n.d.).
3.

WOMEN TARGETING
women targeting dominated by themes of weight control and featuring slim
Nearly 174 thousand women die from smoking each year
E.g. In 2007, Reynolds introduced a new extension of its Camel brand of cigarettes called Camel No. 9.
(American Lung Association, n.d.).
(American Lung Association, n.d.).
(Elliott, 2007).
Figure 6. Camel No. 9 (Melncoly, 2011)
Figure 5. Promotional giveaways (Tobacco Free Kids, 2008)
Peer Pressure
Adolescents may feel pressured into doing the same to be accepted
Studies shows smoking rate among children who have friends smoke, is higher than those who none of their friends smoke.
70% of smokers who were interviewed said that their friends pressured them into it
(Canadian Cancer Society, n.d ).
(Tennessee Association of Alcohol, Drug & other Addiction Services, 2005).
(Cain, 2014).
Stress and Personal problems
Economic and personal problems such as unemployed, homeless or bad marriages and relationships
They believe it helps them cope with stress because of ‘nicotine’
(Health Literacy Special Collection, n.d. ).
(Cleveland Clinic, 2013).
E.g. students in schools and universities smoke to cope with exams stress.
(University of Washington, 2005).
there are two main impacts:
Heath impact
Economy impact
Death
Lung cancer
blood
skin
Infant
(Better Health Channel , 2014)
1.

Death
India will soon have 1 million smoking deaths yearly
in
in
adult male
face diseases
cause death
adult female
ages 30-69
death
(Guindon, Nandi, Chaloupk & Jha, 2011)
2.

Lung cancer
Lung cancer is now the nation’s most common cancer killer among men and women
Smoking is the reason for more than
New Zealand
%
of lung cancer
* Cigarette smoke harms the little hairs in the lungs.

*poisons from the smoke stay in the lungs.

*can move to different organs through the circulation system.
How it harms the lungs?
India
(U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014).
(New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2014)
3.

Blood
(New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2014).
Many chemicals in tobacco smoke wind up in the circulation system, and can go all through the body
* increases the heart rate and blood pressure.
* narrows the small blood vessels under the skin.
* slows the blood flow.
* reducing oxygen to feet and hands.
How it harms the body?
(New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2014).
4.

effects on skin
Smokers have a tendency to get wrinkles sooner than non-smokers
Smokers in their 40's often have as many facial wrinkles as non-smokers in their 60s
(New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2014).
(Action On Smoking And Health, 2014).
ASH organization made a research on people who smoke in UK and the results was:
5.

Infant
SIDS defined by the unexplained, unexpected death of an infant in the first year of their life’s
Second hand smoking increase the risk for the sudden infant death syndrome
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
in 2004
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
B I L L I O N
D O L L A R S

$96
billion in direct health care expenditures
United States:
Smoking costs
$97
billion in lost productivity
(American Lung Association, n.d.)
Economy IMPACT
Africa:
In Uganda
(Centre For Tobacco Control in Africa, n.d.).
Tobacco with export revenue of
$60
million on average for the period 2005 to 2010.
Increase cigarettes’ packets prices
Ban smoking in Public places
Support smokers to quit
1.

Increase cigarettes’ packets prices
Cigarettes are most expensive in Norway, Australia, and UK: these countries had impose annually increasing taxes on tobacco

Studies have shown that while smoking is rising in average-income and poor countries
(Khazan, 2013).
$10.99
$12.14
$15.11
Governments should apply this law.
Figure 8. Prices vs. cigarettes per person (The Atlantic Media Company, 2014)
(Khazan, 2013).
2.

Ban smoking in Public places
Laws in every one of the 50 states do not allow smoking in public places, working environments and on local airplane flights
It also applied in the kingdom of Bahrain in 2009
Ban smoking to be sure that people are not exposed to secondhand smoke at work and in other public places
(American Cancer Society, 2014).
(U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014).
3.

Support smokers to quit
Some people want to quit smoking, but there is no support to make them quit
People are more likely to succeed when friends and family help them
It might help to decrease the number of smokers
Smokers can explain to teenagers what are the effects and how it is difficult to quit
(Teens Health Organization, 2013).
(Teens Health Organization, 2013).
(Mayo Clinic, n.d).
(Teens Health Organization, 2013).
or
$4,260
per adult smoker
Unlike coffee which provided export revenue of
$250
million
(New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2014).
Full transcript