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: This is to prevent unknown gases going inside our space colony. This keeps our space colony have the same air in Earth. This also prevents our air pressure inside to change. We will use this in or outer door, which leads to the outside, so the pressure wont change n the inside.
This grabs ice in one of the layer of Titan and stores in the ice collector. The drill will have this small vacuum on the tip to grab the liquid water and delivers it to the warm collector in a small tube, for water and hydro energy.
Ice/water collector :
This collects ice while the drill is breaks the ice from the moon. There are 2 ice collectors, one is a cold ice collector which keeps the ice from melting so we can you use it when we are running out of water, this helps us save water and the other one is a heated collector which turn ice to water which the liquid water get stored, which both has vacuum to collect the ice. This will be our water storage system.
To keep us warm and protect us from the gravity from space, with thick titanium alloy, aluminum alloy with a ceramic carbon tile to cover the outside.
This converts our waste to fertilizers for our plants and trees. This allow us to get more plants and importantly the trees for carbon dioxide and self sustain oxygen resources.
Titan's atmosphere consists of 95% of nitrogen, 5% of methane , and other carbon-rich compounds.
One of the most important things that we will need to survive on Titan is oxygen. To promise that we will have enough oxygen for a long amount of time we included an area in our ship for trees. Trees are very beneficial because through the process of photosynthesis they store carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. There will be around 5,000 with 20 trees per person in the ship.
The trees that we will grow are oak and pine trees. Both types of trees were chosen because they produce a high amount of oxygen. Oak trees were also chosen because they can grow in many kinds of soil and can adopt easily to the environment they are growing in and its condition. It would be less risky to grow a type of tree that has a verity of environments it can grow in because a tree that needs a specific habitat to grow will be less likely to grow in outer space. They were also chosen because they propagate easily. We will grow pine trees as well because they can grow in different environments and because their seeds are edible and can be fed to birds.
The trees will be grow in greenhouses made of glass. Those greenhouses are filled with equipment such as screening installations, heating, cooling, and lightning which will
allow to have control over the trees and
plants that are growing inside,
For our space colony, We have made a space shuttle with enough room and living essentials for 250 people. In our ship, we have very thick, insulated walls that keep the cold out of our living space. these walls also withstands pressures that the space brings to us. these are the type of walls that a space shuttle today would use.
In our shuttle, we have included many rooms, all ranging in size depending on the amount of people in them. We have extra rooms so our population is able to grow. The rooms do not have bathrooms in them, but we have bathrooms placed around so that everyone can access one. the bathrooms are in light purple, and the rooms in light blue.
We have included 20 trees per person, to have enough oxygen for everyone, plus some extras for future generations. The point in these trees is to provide a self-sustainable oxygen resource. The trees are a green leaf design that circles the rooms.
A Space Research Colony:
By Laia, Alicia, Zach, and Raegis
The moon that we chose to live on is called Titan. It was discovered in 1665 by Dutch astronomer Christian Huygens. I He was inspired by Galileo's telescope and built his own. It ws officially named Titan in 1885. Titan was the 6th moon in our solar system to be discovered. Titan is the biggest moon orbiting Saturn and the second biggest moon in our solar system. The moon is about 4.5 billion years old which is about as old as Saturn.
We didn't know much about this moon until the Cassini mission. This mission was launched in 1997 reached Titan in 2005.
Titan is the only natural satellite with an atmosphere. The atmosphere is 60% thicker than Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere is 95% nitrogen and 5% methane. Titan is also the only other object in our solar system that has stable bodies of water. The bodies of water are methane lakes.
Titan receives 1% of the sunlight that the Earth does. The average temperature is -179 degrees Celsius. This makes the water as hard as rocks and allows methane to flow.
In our shuttle we have an airlock. This is a place that we can enter and exit our shuttle. Our airlock is in a peach color.
To have enough food forever, we have a farm in which we will grow almost all of our food. In our farm, we will grow many fruits and vegetables, and have specific people to care for them. Our farm is a dark leafy green, located around the edge of our shuttle.
Next to our farm we have a chicken coop. Here we will have hundreds of hens who will lay eggs for our main source of protein.
We will not be eating the hens or chickens except when they are too old to continue producing eggs. The chickens will fertilize some of the eggs, but just enough so that we can keep reproducing for the future. Our chicken coop is in a white color, with a black sound proof wall around it.
Next to the coop we have storage. This is all food storage for the future. In it we have a lot of freeze dried food, tightly packed for our future. This storage is all a orange color containing many small rooms within.
In yellow we have all of our research equipment. These rooms are where all of our researchers will be collecting information and sending it back to earth. Extra equipment for the research center is located in a room in white, as an extra storage room.
In the case of emergency, and for our first while on Titan, we have extra water and energy in the form of electricity. The energy is in a room that is dark grey, and the water in a room that is ocean blue.
In multiple small pink rooms, we have a hospital/medical center. Here we have all sorts of medical equipment and medicine for the people on our ship. We will have doctors and medical experts on our ship for our medical center.
A light orange room with bright orange circles is the exercise room. This is a room where people and young children can just float around, and burn off some energy.
The red room with Red squares is the cafeteria. This is where all meals will be served and eaten. It is also where the food will be prepared.
The yellow rooms, are various, they are all different rooms specific to different things, such as a clothing making room, a schooling room, etc.
This will be our secondary water source so we don't need to rely on the ice and the liquid water. There will be moisture because it is cold nd the spaceship wil be warm This happens when the the outside is colder than the aside so we will have glass the has a water collector underneath.
This is our source of energy. Titan has methane for gas. We will have a vacuum to collect the methane from the surface.
Our ship is on three legs. This is because it will help protect us from the cold of Titan. If we are placed right on the moon, the cold will transfer right into our ship. Having these legs will allow for room in between our ship and Titan so that the cold is not transferred right into our ship
: Titan is know as the moon with a dense atmosphere. Titan has a slightly higher surface pressure than Earth's pressure. Titan consist of 95% of nitrogen and 5% of methane which consist of carbon and hydrogen, methane and nitrogen can react to each other. In the upper atmosphere there are compounds which splits and recycle methane and nitrogen which makes a kind of smog with a thick orange colored haze, which covers the surface.
The surface pressure is slightly higher than Earth's. The surface pressure is 1.6 bars whereas Earth's is 1 bar. (a bar is a way of measuring pressure). The surface is made up of sand dunes and cryovolcanoes. these erupt ice instead of lava. Titan doesn't have a magnetic field. Researching Titan is like looking back in time. It is because Titan is so much like Earth billions of years ago and we suspect that life may develop on it.
Another essential thing that humans need to survive is water.
There is no liquid water on the surface of Titan.
Because of the low temperature the water can be found only in a solid state and the rivers and lakes flow with liquid methane and ethane.
Under its surface, Titan has three layers and a core. First, there is a de-coupled outer shell of ice and clathrate, then there is a layer of liquid water, then a layer of high-pressured ice and then a hydrous silicate core.
The technologies that the humans will use to obtain water from the inner layers of Titan are the drill and the ice collectors. The drill will allow to grab ice from the first layer of ice and store it in the ice collector which will melt the ice.
The vacuum that is attached to the drill will collect the liquid water from the second layer and store it in. Before being used by people, the water will be cleared from ammonia by boiling and going through a filter. It will be used in many ways including drinking, hygiene, plants watering and hydro
Food: Food is a very important essential that humans need to survive. We decided to grow vegetables and fruit in a farm on our spaceship because that way we will be able to produce fresh food and we will have enough food for a long time. Some of the plants that we will grow are carrots, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, grapefruit, apples, beans, and potatoes because of the high amount of vitamins, minerals and nutrients in them. We will grow potatoes because they are a good source of carbohydrate and beans because they are a source of protein.
Another plant that will be grown is soybeans. Soybeans will be made into soy milk which can be a substitute for dairy milk. This type of milk surpasses all of the milk substitutes in terms of nutrients and can be used in cooking like dairy milk. It is better that dairy milk because it contains fiber which is not present in dairy milk.
For protein, we decided to bring chickens. We chose to bring chickens because nearly all of their parts can be used for food and they can be cooked in a variety of ways.
Weather: Titan has a average of -290 degrees Fahrenheit or -179 degrees Celsius ate the surface of Titan. In this temperature water gets frozen really fast, but methane turns to liquid to solid in this temperature. With Titans low gravity methane raindrops falls slowly and grow twice as big as Earth's raindrop. Raindrops mostly at the end of Titan's axis.
Our base will be on the top which the raindrops and we can use that for hydro energy.
On the diagram the first white line is the layer of ice and the blue layer is the liquid water.
: One of the ways that we considered to create artificial gravity in our spaceship is rotation system. If it was possible to create a spacecraft that slowly rotates (similarly to earth's rotation) it could be used to stimulate gravity. During this process of rotation the centrifugal force pulls the objects on the inside outwards
The use that we will make out of the waste that will be produced is converting it to a fertilizer using waste decomposition. This fertilizer will be used in soil to help trees and plants in the farm grow better.
Problem: is there life on Titan.
Hypothesis: I think that there is life on Titan because scientists say that it is like Earth in the early years. This evidence suggests that life is a definite possibility on this moon.
Problem: can we use the ice on Titan to melt for an alternate source of water?
Hypothesis: I think that we can because research shows it is the same water that we have here on Earth.
Problem: Are there bodies of water under the surface?
Hypothesis: I think that there is, because photos from the Cassini probe suggest that there is, so it has lead me to believe that there would be.
Problem: are there cryovolcanoes on Titan or are they just mountains?
Hypothesis: I do think that cryovolcanoes are on Titan because this is what the Cassini probe has sent us back photos of. By the looks of these photos scientists think that there are cryovolcanoes on Titan.
Problem: Is the rain from all the precipitation drinkable water or methane?
Hypothesis: I think it is methane because even though there is drinkable water on Titan methane is the only liquid substance therefore the precipitation would be methane.
The main problem with humans living in outer space for such a long period of time would be having a stable food source. Our team covered having a stable food source on this planet so we should be fine. The next issue would be having a stable water supply. If melting the ice from this planet works we will have a very good water supply here. The problem that humans have in space is the fact that they have to see the same people every day. This problem is psychological; it isn’t like going to school and sitting in the same class with the same people. Your mind knows that you don’t have the option of seeing other people and some people can go a little crazy.
This is called isolation and it can lead to depression and anxiety. Health issues also occur when traveling in space for so long. Some include bad blood circulation, space sickness, changes in red blood cells, compromised immune system, muscle loss and fatigue. Most of these problems are because of the lack of gravity. Your body is used to functioning with the amount of gravity on Earth. If you take gravity out your body will have difficulty functioning properly.