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Greek and Roman Theater

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Aysegul Alpay

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Greek and Roman Theater

Authors and Actors Because of it’s largely drama based culture, Roman performers were some of the best of all time. Interestingly, unlike their Greek counterparts, Roman actors were not respected in their society, and regarded as being on the same level as slaves. At first, women were not allowed to be actors; however, as time went on, more and more females were engaged in performances.
Quintus Gallus was one of the most successful Roman actors of all time. While working as a salve Gallus was extremely lucky, as his master sent him to go train with an acting teacher. During his years working as an actor, Gallus saved up some money and bought himself freedom. Gallus instantly caught on in the acting world, and specialized in comedy. At his peak he was paid approximately 1000 dinarii per show, which is about 20 thousand dollars today. Before retirement Gallus received a gold ring from Roman authorities, which recognized his amazing achievement in the acting world. Mercator: Platus
This story begins with a young man named Charinus, who falls in love with a girl names Pasicompsa whole on a trip for his father. She shows him around her city, and eventually the two fall in love. Charinus knows that his father does not approve of young marriage, as he wants his son to work for as long as possible. Charinus decides to take a chance and brings the girl home with him to Athens, on a boat. In order to explain her presence, Charinus tells his father that she is a slave and was brought back to work for his mother. Unfortunately, the father of Charinus also falls in love with the girl, and forces Charinus to sell the girl. During the bidding for the girl, the father and son both fight to purchase the girl; however, in the end Charinus is able to claim the girl that he loves. Plays, Plot Lines and Performances Introduction Many agree that Roman theatre is one of the most interesting in the world. Many of the plays and performances were captivating to the audience, which is why this art form was such a big part of Roman culture. Interestingly, these performances were not only confined to a stage, as the Romans were notorious for performances on the street, at carnivals and utilizing acrobatics. One of the most appealing aspects of Roman theatre was the many different genres of performances, such as comedy tragedy and drama. Overall, the Roman theatre was one of the most famous and renowned era of drama. Work Cited The Fraternity of St Genesius . Actors in Roman Society. 2007. 10 February 2013.
Tsang, Sumair Mirza and Jason. Theatres and Plays. 2012. 10 February 2013.
Ashby, Clifford. Classical Greek Theater. Iowa: Universty of Iowa, 1999.
Dugdale, Eric. Greek Theater in Context. Cambrige: University Press, 2008.
-"Alcestis - Euripides - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature." Classical Literature - Tragedy, Lyric Poetry, New Comedy, Satire, Epic Poetry ... and Much More. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ancient-literature.com/greece_euripides_alcestis.h
-"Alcestis." Theatre Database. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://www.theatredatabase.com/ancient/euripides_003.html>.
-Choileides, deme, and who is calling you.. "The Acharnians."TheatreHistory.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. http://www.theatrehistory.com/ancient/bates024.html
-Greek Theatre - Ancient Greece ."Ancient Greece - History, mythology, art, war, culture, society, and architecture. . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Theatre/
-"Thespis (Greek poet) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/591852/Thespis> Greek and Roman Theater Roman Theater Greek Theater Plays Sophocles (496 - 406 B.C.)

Ajax (450-440?)
Antigone (441?)
Oedipus Rex (430-425?)
Electra (418-410?)
Trachiniae (413?)
Philoctetes (409)
Oedipus at Colonus (406) Authors and Actors Actors of the ancient Greek shows have left behind significance to the Greek theatre. The poet Thespis was the first to have actors involved in their plays, followed by Aeschylos and Sophocles. These actors were originally called the hypocrite, which often referred to leading characters. These hypocrites are always men. Female roles were played by males until they hit puberty and their voices turned deep.
Costumes also have to do with how the production is interpreted as well as the emphasizing of the plotlines the big show has to bring out. It does things such as identifying the character as being a male, or a female; showing if he/she is rich or poor; and telling signs of whether the character is a priest or any other occupations. The costumes simply allowed audience to figure out what the actors were trying to portray, and hence being so important. Since some of the hypocrites were males, it was necessary to give them a female appearance, which required a great use of costume effects. They were performing on the show wearing the ‘prosterniad’ before the chest and the ‘progastrida’ just right above the belly. They also had to wear a wooden pair of shoes with tall heels called the ‘cothornous’, and it was worn to make the hypocrites look taller and more impressive. The shoes were also identical to each other, there was no left or right. Plot lines and Performance Euripedes (c. 480 - 407)

Alcestis (438)
Medea (431)
Hippolytus (428)
The Children of Heracles (427?)
Andromache (426?)
Hecuba (425?)
Cyclops (423?)
Heracles (422?)
The Suppliants (421?)
Ion (417?)
The Trojan Women (415?)
Electra (413?)
Iphigenia in Tauris (414-412?)
Helen (412)
The Phoenician Women (409?)
Orestes (408)
The Bacchae (405?)
Iphigenia at Aulis (405?) Tragedy Comedy Aristophanes (c. 448 - c. 380 B.C.)

The Acharnians (425)
The Knights (424)
The Clouds (423)
The Wasps (422)
Peace (421)
The Birds (414)
Lysistrata (411)
The Thesmophoriazusae (411)
The Frogs (405)
The Ecclesiazusae (392?)
Plutus (388) Introduction The Alcetis a very famous ancient Greek play. It’s one of the tragic comedies with a plot that ends in a bitter sweet fashion. The producer for this play was Greek playwright Euripides. He was the last of the three great tragedians (behind Aeschylus and Sophocles) whose work was able to be remembered up until modern times such as today. This particular play was released in 438 B.C, and its significance is proved when every single detail of the play is retained up until this day. This normally does not happen unless the plot and script is so outstanding that it has to be remembered for centuries. It’s one of the oldest surviving works from the ancient Greek theatre. The story is basically about how a wife named Alcestis, attempts to bring her husband back from the dead by sacrificing her own life. However Alcestis were still able to survive in the end as Admetus’s friend, called Heracles saves her after an intense battle with Thanatos the King of death. So in the end it’s a happy ending and this makes Heracles the hero of the story. There are two kinds in Greek theater; tragedy and comedy. Tragedy is older and more popular while comedy became popular nearly half a century later. Even though there are many known names of authors only four authors work has survived. The death of two of the authors -Sophocles and Euripides- was a big lost for the Greek theater however the theater continued to develop and evolve.
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