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Plot

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Nicolas Roy

on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of Plot

Plot
The sequences of events in a narrative (story). Plot typically consists of four main elements. Depending on the genre of the story, certain elements may be more or less evident. In some cases, elements may be completely absent.
Rising Action
Resolution
The out come of the climax is explained and the reader sympathises or celebrates with the protagonist or in some cases come to dislikes protagonist. The reason why this enhances the plot is because resolution is where everything that had happened in the story is resolved or is not resolved. This also is where the story finally comes to a close or leaves the reader with a cliffhanger. An example of a resolution is from the short story "The Interlopers" when Ulrich and Georg think that they have been found by their men, but really they are attacked by a pack of wolves "straining his eyes to see what the other would gladly have not seen, wolves".
Climax
This is a pivotal event where the protagonist is either solves or does not solve the conflict. This enhances the plot because with out the climax the resolution of the story would not be clear because the climax of the story segways into the resolution of the story. An example of the climax story is from the short story "The Interlopers" When Ulrich von Gradwitz and Georg Znaeym are traped under a branch and become friends even after all the fighting that their families have done to each other. " I will be your friend"
Initial Situation
Setting and characters are introduced and the reader learns what the conflict is. The reason why Initial Situation adds in any story is with out this the reader wouldn't know anything about the book/ anything about the characters inside the book or story and they would not know what the conflict is inside the book. An example of Initial Situation is any time the writer begins to introduce the story in any way.
A series of major events which serve to increase
suspense and bring the protagonist closer to solving(or not solving) the conflict. The reason why Rising Action enhances the plot of a story is because with out Rising Action the story would become very boring for the reader to read. There would be nothing to keep the reader wanting to read because Rising Action is there in a story to keep the reader wanting to read more and find out what happens next to the protagonist. An example of Rising Action is from the short story "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell is when Rainsford finds himself being hunted by General Zaroff "A blue gap showed between the trees dead ahead.Ever drew nearer the hounds.
Tone/Voice
The tone, or voice, is the author's attitude towards what he is writing about. The author may have the same tone throughout or it may change at key points. Tone is often referred to as sarcastic/ ironic or serious, dark or light, pessimistic or hopeful, biased/ opinionated or objective. This enhances the plot because is adds a more dramatic or more intense feel to the story according to how to writer wants the reader to feel when they read the story. An example of some stories that have a tone/ voice change in them is " The Lamb to Slaughter, The Most Dangerous Game"
Point of view
This is the perspective from which the story is told. depending on the perspective, we will know varying amounts of information about character's minds and their perception of events and other characters. This enhances plot( mainly the initial situation) because it sets the mood of the story by showing the reader that they will be viewing form the perspective of one character or be viewing from the perspective of third person. An example of a story that is in third person is the short story " The Most Dangerous Game" .
Character types
There are four main types of characters differentiated by how much we know of them and whether or not they change.
Flat: A character about whom we know only one or two things.(two dimensional)
Round: A character about whom we know many things. (three dimensional)
Static: A character, either flat or round, that does not change at all throughout the story
Dynamic: A character, either flat or round, that does change at some point in the story. the reason why character types enhance the initial situation is, The way how the characters a characterized adds a different feel to the story. if any characters is described as very boring in the begging of a story, the reader wouldn't want to continue reading the story. An example of a round and a dynamic character is Rainsford from the story " The Most Dangerous Game" An example of a flat and a static character is General Zaroff from the story " The Most Dangerous Game"
Conflict
An element of plot, conflict is the obstacle that a main character faces in a story. There are two main types:
External: Character vs. character vs. character
Internal: Character vs. self
The reason why conflict enhances Rising Action is because without conflict the writer would have nothing to build up to for the climax. An example of a external conflict in a story is from the short story " The Most Dangerous game" when Rainsford is being hunted by General Zaroff. "I hunt the scums of the earth"
Setting
A location in which the story takes place. The reason why setting enhances the initial situation because the writer is introducing the characters the writer is also showing off the setting of the story. An example of a setting in story is from the short story "Lamp to slaughter" " The room was warm and clean, the curtains were drawn"
Dilemma
When one or more characters is faced with a choice between two similar options. Both may have equally positive or negative consequences, making the choice a difficult one. The reason why this enhances the climax is because without the dilemma in a story there would be no climax because the climax is where the main character is forced to make the big chose in the story. An example of a dilemma in a story is from the short story "The interlopers" When Ulrich and Georg finally become friends even though it goes against everything that their families have done in their life's " Honorable attention to the enemy that had become friend"
Imagery
Imagery is when the author uses various techniques(metaphors, simile, personification, literal description, symbolism etc.) in an attempt to put an "image" into the reader's mind. We have to be aware that imagery is two-way process in that the reader will also interpret the image in his own way. The end result is always remarkable as true imagery will "leap" into your mind. The reason why imagery enhances rising because when the writer uses imagery in rising action to add more a intense feel to the section in which the writer uses wants imagery to be used. An example of imagery in a story is from the short story " The Most Dangerous Game" When Rainsford is taken to General Zaroff's basement and the writer use a tactile imagery. "Made the grotesque patterns on the courtyard"
Irony
Basic irony is when something happens that was not expected to happen. There are several types of irony.
Situational Irony: When something occurs that we would not expect to occur.
Dramatic Irony: When the reader, and often several character in a story or play, knows something that one or more characters does not. Depending on what type of character is left in the dark the reader may feel pity, happiness, or anxiety as a result of what may be in store for them.
Verbal Irony:
Understatement: Purposely downplaying something to create the opposite effect of drawing attention to it.
Overstatement: Purposely exaggerating something to the point of disbelief in order to make someone believe it.
Sarcasm: Purposely saying the opposite of what is meant in order to convey a message. It is usually done in a spiteful way thought it can also be used in a humorous way. The reason why irony enhances the resolution by adding the sense that the reader has been tricked in the end of book. An example of a story that has irony in it is the short story " Lamb to Slaughter" when Mrs. Maloney ends up killing her husband in the story.
Allusion
A reference to some person, place, event or artistic work. The nature and relevance of which is not explained by author. it is up to the reader to understand the allusion or look it up. It is often described as an "economical means of drawing on the vast history and tradition of literature and art." In short, it is a way of saying a lot of in few words. The reason why this enhances the resolution of story is because if the reader read the resolution of a story and didn't understand the ending of the story, if the author added an allusion in which the reader understood it, the reader would have gotten the ending of the story. An example of an allusion in a story is from the short story " A wish Named Arnold" "10000 Maniacs"
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