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oceanic Pelagic Biome

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hannah cameron

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of oceanic Pelagic Biome

Oceanic Pelagic Zone The Basic Zones Abiotic Bibliography Oceanic Pelagic also known as open ocean is made up of the entire sea area, except the coast region and not including the bottom (of the ocean). It expands over hundreds of thousands of miles and contains the largest variety of marine species. It is also the worlds biggest habitat. Temperatures range from may be as high as 97º Fahrenheit 36º C in the Persian gulf, and as cold as 28º F -3ºC near the poles Biotic Factor Mutualism occurs between sharks asnd Remora fish, the shark will protect and the Remora fish, and the Remora fish will eat the bacteria and food that has been cough on whales and shake.
Parasitism, often occurs in large mammals, like whales, can have intestinal worms living in them.
Commensalism, An example are whales and barnacles, the barnacle benefits from the whale because it eats and gets protection, and the whale does not seem to be affected in any way Temperature Temperature in the Oceanic Pelagic Zones range from Below freezing to 97 Fahrenheit. Different layers of the Pelagic zone obtain different amount of sunlight. Epipelagic and Mesopelagic zone are the only levels that sunlight reaches. The other three sections; Bathypelagic, Abyssopelagic, and the Hadropelagic Zone, don't receive any of the sun rays. These three levels have very little life. The lowest point of this biome is the Hadropelagic zone located below 6,000 meters. food chain The oceanic pelagic zones is vast column of H20 that expanse from the surface to miles away from the bottom of the world's oceans, away from the shore. It can be separated into numerous layers, which diverge in amount of light, temperature, pressure and dissolved oxygen. Oceanic palagic zones is separated into 5 different levels.
•Epipelagic zone (ocean surface to 200 meters deep)
•Mesopelagic zone (200-1,000m)
•Bathypelagic zone (1,000-4,000m)
•Abyssopelagic zone (4,000-6,000m)
•Hadopelagic zone (deep ocean trenches, greater than 6,000m). http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Temperature+charts+in+the+Oceanic+Pelagic+zone&safe=active&sa=X&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox&rlz=1I7GPCK_en&biw=792&bih=454&tbm=isch&tbnid=aNjEsh3kVALkjM:&imgrefurl=http://www.oceanicworldwide.com/us/ocs/&docid=62wThetoWo1IDM&imgurl=http://www.oceanicworldwide.com/us/media/wysiwyg/Technology/Computers/DualAlgor_chart.jpg&w=850&h=493&ei=FbuTUebQFOakiQKi24CACA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=294&dur=1941&hovh=171&hovw=295&tx=237&ty=71&page=5&tbnh=129&tbnw=223&start=76&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:76,s:0,i:317 water
light
temperature
pH
salinity
substratum
nutrient supply
dissolved gases
pressure
tides
currents
waves
exposure to air. https://teacher.ocps.net/theodore.klenk/ms/Ecology.htm Oceanic Pelagic Zone http://www.untamedscience.com/biology/world-biomes/pelagic-biome http://openoceaneolee.weebly.com/climate-and-average-temperature.html There are three main types of organisms in the ocean ecosystem: producers, consumers and decomposers. In the Oceanic Pelagic zones there are three primary producers; phytoplankton, zoo phytoplankton, and small phytoplankton. These are photosynthetic plants, photosynthetic plants are plants that take energy from the sun rays and converts it into sugar for other sea creatures to take in or in other words eat. Then the consumers eat the producers. There two kinds of consumers primary and secondary; primary consumers are mostly fishes, crabs, and shrimp . Compared to secondary consumers that have to eat smalls species that eat plants for a sources of energy, for example whales. Then there's the decomposer's; fungi, bacteria, and animal - like protists. which recycles essential nutrients back into the ecosystem. Each item contributes to the ecosystem as a whole. Human impact/ Green house Gases Green house gas are are rapidly changing the oceans ecosystem, because of the flow of fresh water that's being dumped into salt water oceans. oil spills
pollution
Animals going extinct Nitrogen cycle Certain acts of humans are causing the Nitrogen cycle to shift, and nitrogen is being stored up. Because farmers are using high amount of nitrogen in their fertilizers, when the soil is done being used it slips into the ocean, it will increases nitrate levels in plants in the ocean and they grow rapidly until they use up the supply and die.
The Carbon Cycle The ocean is very much influenced by the carbon cycle , because of absorbing and storing carbon dioxide. The oceans plankton is being affected. Plankton relies on carbon and are responsible for half of the photosynthetic activity on the planet. But the amount of carbon is greatly increasing and plankton is able to keep up with the impact that humans are causing. Important Canivores= All Shark

Important Omnivores = Sea Turtle

Important Herbivores = Fungi, Bacteria Species that impact What are Humans doing do obtain energy from the environment ? Ocean turbines is a newer way that human are trying to use more energy. We are using tidal power to supple electricity to the east coasts. But By doing this we are killing off species and hurt the underworld world.
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