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Immigration Reform 2013
Transcript of Immigration Reform 2013
legal immigration to eliminate
illegal immigration to establish clear and just rules for seeking citizenship make our borders safe threat Yet at the onset, Chinese were marginalized by a dominant white society in fear that the hard working immigrants were taking all the jobs and not assimilating into the laws or religion of the land. Against this backdrop, the Chinese became the first people group banned by federal law from entering the United States. “paper son” Priority for intelligent and useful citizens became even more apparent with this act, which allowed scholars and specialists to immigrate and removed some Chinese restrictions. However, the McCarran-Walter Act continued quotas and the Asia-Pacific Triangle barred immigrants (Lin, 1975). Korean War marginalized the Chinese even more
Disbanded the quotas and instead supported immigration for the purpose of family reunification, a professional workforce, and workers with a needed skill.
20,000 persons per country were allowed to immigrate, with a total of 170,000 from the Eastern Hemisphere.
Those with a needed skill and family already in the United States were favored, causing an explosion of chain migration Attempts at preventing more undocumented persons in the United States have ranged from authorizing the building of a 700 mile fence in-between Mexico and the United States, increasing border patrol agents, and deporting a record number of immigrants: 409,849 in 2012 -known for the year amnesty was granted, allowed undocumented people and specific agricultural workers to become citizens if they had been in the United States prior to 1982. Most recently, six states including Arizona, Utah, Indiana, Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina have passed measures against illegal immigrants that are currently being challenged and some portions blocked.
push pull downfall of the T’aip’ing Heavenly Kingdom China's defeat in the Opium War
of Hong Kong discovery of gold in California 1842 & 1846 1849 Secure borders and tracking of legal immigrants
Pathway to citizenship, 10 yrs
Effective employment verification system
Improve process for admitting future workers Exclusion Act of 1882 barred Chinese immigration for 10 years. The Scott Act of 1888 limited returning Chinese into the U.S. The Geary Act of 1892 continued the Chinese exclusion for 10 more years and required Chinese to register. The 1902 legislation permanently excluded Chinese laborers. (Lin, 1975) The Quota Acts in 1921 and 1924 established limits for the number of immigrants and what countries they could come from, with preferences for Northern and Western Europe (Billitteri, 2012). Wives of Chinese immigrants were constrained from coming to the United States under the Johnson Act of 1924 (Lin, 1975). A series of acts starting in 1882 prevented immigration by the Chinese: McCarthy Era Red Scare The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act 1943 Chinese Exclusionary laws ended under the revocation of President Franklin D. Roosevelt Chinese were given a quota of
per year (Lin, 1975) 105 persons When the Communist Party of China seized China, the Emergency Relief Act was passed to finish funding the 4,000 Chinese students and intellectuals working on their education. 1949 McCarran-Walter Act “The most blatant piece of discrimination in the nation’s history” John F. Kennedy
(1955 Reporter’s Magazine, Lin, 1975) 1952 Immigration Act of 1965 (Billitteri, 2012). The federal government who argues that it has the sole power to create laws regarding immigration. The provision required law officers to detain anyone with “reasonable suspicion" that the person is undocumented. Further, illegal aliens were barred from entering into transactions with any level of government within the state. This resulted in unlawful aliens not being able to renew mobile home leases and had to provide proof of residency for water and electric service. The law also made it “illegal to conceal, harbor, or rent to an illegal immigrant” (Billitteri, 2012). Eventually, some portions of the law were blocked after the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit heard the case, and Alabama has now appealed to the Supreme Court (Winograd, 2013). HB56 Provision Alabama was the most controversial