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The Austrian Revolution

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Gabriella Foschini

on 28 November 2015

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Transcript of The Austrian Revolution

By: Gabriella Foschini
The Revolution in Austria
Contibuting Factors
Excitement sparked by news of the revolution in France
Hesitation from the govenment to grant liberal demands
Increasing nationalist feelings of various ethnic groups
Fleeing of Metternich
Parties Involved
The Liberals- middle class and peasants, allied with urban workers and students
Liberal Demands
Written constitutions
Representitive government
greater civil liberties from authoritarian regimes
National autonomy
Universal Sufferage
Hungarian revolutionaries wanted a unified nation
Outcome of The Austrian Revolution
The monarchs were able to reassert theit rule
-Habsburgs rule Hungary as a conquered territory
Aristocracy regained their strength
Triumph of reaction
Defeat of Revolution
Reasons For outcome
Breakdown of revolutionary forces
Hungarian minority groups would not accept unification
Determination of Austrian aristocracy and loyalty of its army
Aid from Nicholas I of Russia
The Beginning of the Revolution
Began in Hungary
The monarchy in Vienna hesitated to meet liberal demands
Viennese students and workers began to revolt
Peasant disorders began to
break out
The monarchy agreed to demands
The absolutist order seemed to be collapsing
Background
Austria was ruled by Emperor Ferdinand I (1835-1848)
Vienna; Capital of ethnically diverse Austrian Empire, led by Metternich

The Revolution
The monarchs were intimidated by the united front
They eventually collapsed, granting almost all of the Liberals demands
But...
The revolutionary coalition was not stable, and broke down.
-With the abolition of serfdom, the newly free peasants lost interest in revolution
The coalition of urban revolutionaries also broke down
-The urban poor and artisian class presented their own demands for socialist workshops and voting rights, alarming the middle class
The coalition of March was destroyed
-Weakened by conflicting national aspirations
Vs.
The Monarchy, aristocracy, and the Imperial troops
The monarchy reasserted its autority
took back many of the concessions they had granted to the revolutionaries
Arstocratic forces reasserted their strength

So...
Also...
Hungarian revolutionaries wanted to unify Hungary
Hungarian minority groups (Croats, Serbs, Romainians) wanted cultural independance
The Monarchy exploited the fears of the minorities
Conflict began between minorities and new government
Conflict enabled monarchy to play off one group against another
Then...
Archduchess Sophia insisted that Ferdinand abicate to Francis Joseph
Powerful gov. and church officials agreed
A secret conspiracy was organized to crush the revolutionary government of the Hungarian patriots
The predominately peasant army began to triumph over the revolutionary army of students and working class men
Lastly...
Francis Joseph crowned Emporer of Austria December 1848
Nicholas I of Russia sent troops to Hungary to help fight against revolutionaries
Defeated revolutionaries

In March 1848-A radical Hungarian group led by Louis Kossuth began independence movement.
Kossuth's speeches were soon printed in Vienna, where sparked excitement
Metternich became fearful.
He decided to flee, and quickly snuck out of Vienna.
News got out that Metternich had left, exciting the Austrian revolutionaries
The Early Stages
Significant Events
Uprising in Vienna, March 13-15
Metternich flees Vienna
Imperial troops occupy Prague, disperse Pan-Slav Congress
Imperial troops conquer Milan, defeat Piedmont
October 24-31: Imperial troops conquer Vienna, with 4,000 dead
Austria declares that its empire is indivisible
Dec. 1848: Franz Joseph becomes Emperor; Hungary invaded by Russia and Austria
Nicholas I sends troops
August 1849: Budapest conquered, end of the Hungarian War of Independence
Louis Kossuth
Emperor Ferdinand I
Francis Joseph
The End
Full transcript