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600 B.C.E - 1450 C.E Timeline
Transcript of 600 B.C.E - 1450 C.E Timeline
During the neolithic era or the stone age there were several transitions happening. For example the stone age was ending and now agriculture and farming was on the rise and so was the iron age and also the domestication of animals was happening, as well as population increase. Now that they had agriculture they had stable homes so they began to have bigger families since they didn't have to go on long journeys with small children. The transition of paleolithic to neolithic is so important because they learned how to farm which was so significant because without it we'd still have to move around to get food and other necessities
The Neolithic Revolution
Dependency on Natural Resources
Before: Moved with their food supply
After: Water and good soil for crops
Before: Families (male ruled) evolutionary, from family to village to city.
After: Chief with council.
Before: No real economy
After: Barter system
Before: Stone tools
After: Farming, baking and firing pottery, specialized tools, bronze tools and weapons
563- 483 B.C.E
Buddhism originated in Northern India, it originates back to Siddaharta Gautama (563-483 B.C.E) who is also known as Buddha which means "the awakening". At age 29 he left the palace because wanted to find an antidote for the suffering in the world which came through meditation then you would reached enlightenment which also happened when through reincarnation which is the rebirth of a soul in a new body This was very important because this religion was something that changed people's way of living forever.
The Hellenistic Age
This is the time when Alexander the great became the ruler of the greek kingdom of Macedonia and ruled from Greece all the way to India. This is very important because greek culture was spreading everywhere and they had a very strong military which meant their people were very protected. This lasted smoothly until the death of Alexander in 323 B.C. until 31 B.C., when Roman troops conquered the last of the territories that the Macedonian king had once ruled
Beginning of T'ang Dynasty
During this period the T'ang Dynasty ruled China. Under Emperor Xuanzang, the T'ang expanded Chinese territory into parts of Manchuria, Mongolia, Tibet and Korea. This is very significant because they lowered taxes and started redistributing land of wealthy nobles to peasants which really upset the former rich citizens. Taxes also rose because of military spending large army required to keep control of the huge empire
Muhammad died in 632. At this time Islam had spread over much of the Arabian Peninsula. Muhammad was very significant during this time because he was the one who gave Islam it's "fame" and really got people to believe in this faith because he really made people feel equal as long as they followed what being a Muslim required.
The Islamic Empire covered almost the entire Middle East, Persia, Afghanistan, North Africa, Spain, Turkey, Constantinople, and even some of Southeast Asia. The empire later split into smaller empires and caliphates due to internal conflicts which mainly had to do with the overpopulation but muslims still spread through trade.
As king, Musa encouraged agriculture, industry, and trade. The empire gained most of its wealth through its control of the trade routes that passed through its territory. Gold and salt were the most important products that moved along the routes. Because of the wealth of the Mali Empire, a large army was needed to protect the empire from attack. This army also made sure that traders and merchants were safe during their journeys through the lands of the empire.
Musa was a Muslim, or follower of Islam.
It is known that the first crusade in 1095 with the stated goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem but it all ended when Muslims defeated Christians and remained in Holy Lands.
Arabs establish regular trade caravans from across northern Africa; they gradually extend routes across the Sahara desert into the West African kingdoms of Mali and Ghana for the gold and salt trade. Arab trade network becomes very prosperous and facilitates the exchange of ideas and technologies among societies with which they trade.
Mongols @ Baghdad
Mongols sack Baghdad, killing the caliph and many Muslims: end of the Abbasid caliphs.
The Crusaders had been defeated and Jerusalem liberated in 1187, the Ismaili Fatimids had finally been removed from harassing the Muslim world in the mid-1100s, and a powerful Khwarazmian Empire had emerged in Persia. However, all that would soon turn around when the ruthless Mongols would make their way into Southwest Asia
Rise of the Mongols
The Roman Empire began to weaken during this time due to outside forces beginning to influence the citizens. Events like foreign tribes attacking gave a space for outside religions like Christianity to begin to spread and from there it was chaos
Muslims attempt to conquer Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire. They also advance in western Europe as far as France (Franks
stop their advance). This is very important because after that they move on to France establishing Muslim control of the Septimania region of southwestern France.
The Crusades begin: Pope Urban II of Rome calls for all Christians to expel Muslims from Jerusalem and its
surrounding region(considered Holy
Land as it was the area in which Jesus Christ lived) and from the
Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was the King of the Franks from 768, the King of Italy from 774, and from 800 the first emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. This is known to be the revival of Europe from the dark ages and they encouraged culture and intellectual revival.
Genghis was the leader of the Mongols he lived from (1162-1227). He conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendents expanded the empire even further, advancing to places such as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people and peaking in Europe in the years 1348–50 CE. People viewed the plague as a punishment. For this reason people looked into religion for protection.
Decline of Mongols
As well as any other Empire of group the amount of mongols began to decline because it was becoming too powerful. They had conquered so much that one way or another they were going to become overpopulated which then leads to the decline of an empire
India is ruled by the Gupta Empire. While the Gupta Empire is in power, Hinduism becomes the major religion.