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Transcript of Chapter 15
RIZAL’S SECOND SOJOURN IN PARIS AND THE UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1889
Life in Paris
Difficulty of Finding Quarters
- World's Fair held in Paris, France
- 6 May to 31 October 1889
- Valentin Ventura's residence
> No. 45 Rue Maubeuge
> Polished his annotated edition of Morga's book
> lived in a little room
> Capitan Justo Trinidad former gobernadorcillo of Sta. Ana Manila
and Jose Albert, a Student.
Maria de la Paz, Blanca, Laureana, Hermenegilda Juana Luna y Pardo de Tavera
- Juan Luna and Paz Pardo de Tavera's daughter
- Rizal's god-daughter
How Rizal's day usually goes:
One or two hours in the gymnasium and in fencing
Three or four hours in the library
The rest he would use up in writing and visiting friends.
Every other night from 8:00 to 11:00, he and his friends would meet in a cafe and play chess.
The Filipinos gather four times a week. On Wednesdays, at Donya Tula's, Thursdays in the house of Hidalgo, Fridays he visits the family of Bousted where he sometimes takes tea, Saturdays, he is invited to eat at the Luna's residence, and on Sundays he is at Ms. Jullian's.
The main symbol of the Fair
e Eiffel Tow
er, which was
completed in 1889, and served
as the entrance arch to the Fair.
- Organized on May 19, 1889
~Antonio and Juan Luna
~ Gregorio Aguilar
~ Fernando Canon
~ Lauro Dimayuga
~ Julio Llorente
~ Guillermo Puatu
~ Baldomero Roxas
The club was put together in order for Filipino youth to be together so they can enjoy their visit during the duration of the Exposition. During the same day, he told Blumentritt in a letter that Kidlat Club was formed, and that the club will exist during the Exposition only, after that, Kidlat Club will be disbanded.
Another society was brought up by our hero after the Kidlat Club which is called the
"Why should we resent being called Indios by the Spaniards? Look at those Indios from North America- they are not ashamed of their name. Let us be like them. Let us be proud of the name Indio and make our Spanish enemies revise their conception of the term. We shall be Indios Bravos!"
It's members pledged to excel in intellectual and physical prowess in order to win the admiration of the foreigners especially the Spaniards.
They also practiced with great enthusiasm on the pistol and the sword, Rizal also taught them the Asian martial art of self-defense, Judo, which he learned in Japan.
Redencion de los Malayos
(Redemption of the Malays)
The society has a counter sign represented by a circle divided into two semi-circles with the I and B in the center, which means the Indios Bravos, and the letters R.D.L.M.
A mysterious, enigmatic, and confidential society founded by Rizal.
Patterned after Freemasonry.
The society's aim is the propagation of scientific, artistic, and literary knowledge in the Philippines.
Three societies founded
Annotated edition of Morga Published
One of our hero’s outstanding achievements was the publication in 1890 of his annontated edition of Morga’s book which he wrote in the British Museum, printed by Garnier Freres. Prologue was written by Prof. Blumentritt, upon Rizal’s request.
Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas
(Events in the Philippine Isles)
by Antonio de Morga Sánchez Garay
However in the prologue, Blumentritt gave a comment on some errors on the book which were,
(1) Rizal commits the error of many historians in appraising the events of the past in light present standards, and
(2) Rizal’s attacks on the Church were unfair and unjustified.
The Annontated Edition was dedicated to the Filipino people so that they would know their glorius past which was titled, TO THE FILIPINOS.
Expressed his views on the Spanish Colonization in the Philippines and predicted with amazing accuracy the tragic end of Spain's sovereignty in Asia.
Within the Century
He portrayed at the beginning of his article the glorious past of the Filipino people then described their economic stagnation and unhappiness under the harsh bugling Spanish rule
An Essay of Rizal which is an able defense of the alleged indolence of the Filipinos
A prestigious work of historical scholarship
In the spirit of a real scholar, Rizal made a critical study of the causes why his people did not work hard during Spanish regime
His main thesis was that the Filipinos are not by nature indolent.
of the Filipinos
Rizal proposed to establish an “INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FILIPINOLOGISTS” and have its inaugural convention in the French capital.
The Aim of the association is “to study the
Philippines from the scientific and historical point of view.”
The prospectus of the association was to study Philippines from the scientific and political and historical point of view.
He First submitted this idea to Blumentritt in the letter
dated Jan. 14, 1889 which was approved upon.
Officers were as follows;
President: Dr. Ferdinand Blumentritt (Austrian)
Vice-President: Mr. Edmund Plauchut (French)
Counselor: Dr. Reinhold Rost (Anglo-German)
Counselor: Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor (Filipino-Spanish)
Secretary: Dr. Jose Rizal (Filipino)
It was scheduled that the inaugural convention was to be in August 1889. But it was cancelled because it was prohibited by the French government to hold conferences by private organizations in the duration of the Exposition.