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Transcript of Georgia O'Keeffe
O'Keeffe The Victorian Age was named for Queen Victoria in England, under whose reign, England saw a period of peace and progress, both economically and socially.
England saw advances in technology such as photography and cinema, which helped inspire new values in art and architecture. With these advances, wealthy Americans became fascinated with the Victorians of England, and soon began to dress and express themselves similarly. This was reflected in the art at the time, which depicted either images of wealthy socialites, or classic representations of gods and goddesses. Shortly after Britain's big boom, America also experienced tremendous growth. We had just come out of the Civil War and into our Second Industrial Revolution. Railways expanded, and the oil and steel markets became strong. With all these advances, we move into This era, like the last, was marked by technological change and scientific advancements. However, unlike the Victorian and Gilded Age, these advances changed the way we saw the world we inhabit, in such a way that it caused the society to question previously held beliefs and values. Victorian Age 19th century Gilded Age late 19th century Modernism Art at this time in England was dominated by the Royal Academy of Arts, who valued emotional representations of high-class fashion, social elegance, and emotional scenes. Artists painted what the eye could see, but would tend to hide the gritty details. "Christ in the House of His Parents" Sir John Everett Millais "The Last of England" Ford Madox Brown "Flaming June" Lord Leighton "Distant View of Niagara Falls" Thomas Cole "Twilight in the Wilderness" Frederic Edwin Church Albert Bierstadt "The Rocky Mountains" Early modernist artists around the world included such artists as Pablo Picasso, Auguste Rodin, Paul Cezanne, and Georgia O'Keeffe. "The Three Musicians" Pablo Picasso Auguste Rodin "The Thinker" "Road Near Mont Sainte Victoire" Paul Cezanne "Composition VIII" Wassily Kandinsky Pre-Modernism During Romanticism, there were many eye-opening advances in the sciences of physics, economics, and biology. These advances could have played a part in the advances in literature, the arts, and philosophy. Some of the innovators that made an impact on the world as we know it are: Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882) An English naturalist, Charles proposed the
theory that animals evolve over generations
to adapt to their surroundings as a process
known as "natural selection". He published
evidence of his theory in his 1859 book
"On the Origin of Species". It wasn't until
near the end of his life that the scientific
community accepted his work as factual. His contributions to our world showed us that there is more than
what we already knew to the origins of the species on this planet, including ourselves. Max Planck (1858 - 1947) Max Planck was a German physicist who is considered the father of quantum theory. Quantum theory addresses how atoms can be perceived as both particles and as waves. He won the Nobel Prize for his contributions to physics in 1918. His contributions to our world showed us that there is more going on than we can perceive with just our eyes, or even a microscope. Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) Marx was a Prussian-German economist
and socialist. He studied the different economic
groups of people and strove to find a way to minimize
the divide between the classes with his theories about Communism. Communism is a political system where all workers, regardless their contributions, earn the same material rewards. His contributions to our world helped people think differently about what their role is in society. "Art, the expression of society, manifests, in its highest soaring, the most advanced social tendencies: it is the forerunner and the revealer.."
-- Gabriel-Desire Laverdant American Romanticism John Singer Sargent "Morning Walk" "The Days" Thomas Dewing Winslow Homer "Cloud Shadows" This movement came along as a reaction to that before it. When the Gilded Age valued material wealth and industrialization, the Romantics valued untouched nature and emotion. American artists at this time believed nature to be all-powerful, and could destroy the creations of man. Some of the authors at this time included Edgar Allan Poe, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Emily Dickinson. Late 19th
beginning 20th century Though the art was still not yet free from the expectations of previous eras, it did still make a statement about the awe-inspiring power of nature. Early 20th
century Georgia O'Keeffe A flower blooms... 1887
1986 Georgia was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin.
As she grew up, she took lessons from local
artists, and studied art throughout college. She attended colleges around the United States for her studies of art, but soon found she wanted to be a teacher. While she was a teacher's assistant, she created abstract pieces in charcoal. It was these charcoal pieces and her correspondence with gallery owner/photographer Alfred Stieglitz that encouraged her to give herself completely to her art. She left teaching to pursue her passion, creating art. "Drawing XIII" Georgia O'Keeffe "Blue and Green Music" Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe "Flowers of Fire" "Cow's Skull: Red White and Blue Georgia O'Keeffe "I know now that most people are so closely concerned with themselves that they are not aware of their own individuality, I can see myself, and it has helped me to say what I want to say in paint."
-Georgia Totto O'Keeffe O'Keeffe & Modernism Though O'Keeffe was considered an integral
part of the American Modernist movement, what stands out about her work? What is different between her work and other Modernists? What do you notice? What does this tell you about her as a person? "The White Flower" Georgia O'Keeffe "Woman in Tents" Max Weber "Ram's Head, White Hollyhock, and Little Hills" Georgia O'Keeffe "Battle of Lights, Coney Island" Joseph Stella "Black Cross, New Mexico" Georgia O'Keeffe "I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold" Charles Demuth " Self Portrait in a Fur Hat" Edwin Walter Dickinson "Kokopelli with Snow" Georgia O'Keeffe