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Colette Walker

on 26 July 2015

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Transcript of Travel

Most Visited Cities in the World
The topic for this presentation is travel, focusing on four of the most visited cities in the world according to Forbes (2015). These cities include Bangkok, London, Paris and New York. The presentation will outline the culture, history, food and geography of each city. The information provided in this presentation comes from a variety of online sources that have been assessed for their credibility. We based our evaluation on Metzger (2007) assessing each topic on the following criteria; publication date, author, presentation, how well the information was organized and the purpose of the source. We also ensured that the source either included scientific referencing or could be backed up by other credible sources. Referencing in this presentation follows the APA guidelines.
Bangkok is the capital city and main port in Thailand. Located on the Chao Phraya River (Sternstein, 2013), the city covers 1570 square kilometers and in 2014 had an estimated population of over 8 million people (Cox, 2012; FIP, 2014). There are few natural resources and most of its land is being used for building development (FIP, 2014).
Thailand was first headed by Phraya Chakri who was also known as King Rama. Many of the temples in Bangkok were completed during King Rama's reign (Evans, 2012). The name Bangkok comes from foreign traders referring to the city as Bang Makok, however locals refer to the city as Krung Them which in English translates to ‘City of Angels’ (Lonely Planet, 2015).
Bangkok is considered the Buddhist center of Thailand (Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities, 2000). The local people enjoy fairs, festivals, kite flying competitions and Muai Thai boxing matches (Sternstein, 2013). When visiting Bangkok, visitors are encouraged to respect the culture by wearing modest attire and showing respect for the Monarch (National Geographic, 2015a).
Some of the top dishes offered in restaurants around Bangkok include Tom Yum Goong, Som Tum, Gaeng Daeng and Pad Thai (Thuan, 2015). For a great local experience travelers' can also enjoy Bangkok street food which offers a wide variety of noodle dishes, rice dishes and made to order food (Mykura, 2015).
London was founded because of its location between the river Thames and the marsh which provided protection and the ability to trade (Besant, 2010). After the Romans' invaded in 55 B.C, they built bridges and walls before leaving England in the fifth century. London was then ruled by the Saxons until the arrival of the Normans in 1066. With the start of the Norman reign, monarchs' were crowned in London and the city became the centre of power (Faulkner, 2011).
Traditional traits of Londoners are humility and putting oneself down and sarcastic humour is a form of affection. (National Geographic, 2015b). London has more live comedy than any other city in the world and is also home to many world famous museums. In the UK, London dominates the visual arts sector and the city plays a part in many films (Greater London Authority, 2015).

Popular breakfasts eaten in London include baked beans on toasts or a classic fry up. This consists of foods such as eggs, bacon, sausage, mushroom, tomatoes and beans. A mid morning snack that is widely eaten is cake or a biscuit with a cup of tea. For lunch, a popular convenience food is a sandwich, with chicken being one of the most common fillings. Some of London’s traditional foods include fish and chips, shepherds pie and bacon. International foods are also widely eaten, with Indian curries being a public favourite (Kaplan International Colleges, 2015).
Paris is the capital city of France. It is located in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. Paris is one of the most visited destinations in the world, and is also known as one of the most romantic cities in the world. (National Geographic, 2015c).
Paris is known as the fashion capital of the world. It is also known for business, entertainment, art and culture. The most famous monuments in Paris include the Eiffel Tower which opened on March 31, 1889, and The Louvre which was established in 1792. Small and large museums can be found all over Paris along with many performing arts studios. (Zimmermann, 2015).
Food and wine are central to life in Paris and much Parisian socialising involves food. Paris is well known for it's wines, cheeses, pastries and escargot, which is considered a local delicacy. French food is commonly known for it's rich and hearty flavours (Hanson, 2015).
Paris was founded more than 2000 years ago. It was founded by the Gauls of the Parisii tribe between 250BC until 200BC. Paris was conquered by Julius Caesar in 52BC and became the regional center. In 987AD, Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, became king of France and established Paris as we know it today. (Sommers, 1996)
New York
Originally home to the Lenape tribe of Native Americans, the first European settlement didn’t arrive until the 1620’s, when the Dutch West India Company set up a trading post on Manhattan Island (Rosenwaike, 1972). After the British conquered the area in 1664, the name of New York was born and has remained to this day (Roosevelt, 1906).
Known around the world for having some of the best multi-cultural food thanks to its days as an immigrant entry port, New York has a food for most tastes (Ellis Island Foundation, 2015). From its famous New York style pizza to the Michelin Starred restaurants of the Upper East Side, there is a variety of food to be found throughout the city (ForbesLife, 2014).
This presentation gave a brief account on the Geography, History, Culture and Food of some of the most visited cities in the world. The presentation shows the cities as separate entities, however it is clear there are variety of interesting details for each. The sources for this online resource were chosen according to a credibility checklist assembled from academic literature (Metzger, 2007). In the overwhelming, fast paced and unregulated online environment, it is important that online informational resources, such as the current presentation, provide credible, unbiased and reliable information to their audience.
New York City is located in the North East of the United States of America and is part of the State of New York (Benjamin & Nathan, 1990). Made up of five main Boroughs and including the islands of Manhattan and Staten Island it is home to a population of 8,405,837 (Benjamin & Nathan, 1990; United States Census Bureau, 2013).
London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and is situated on the river Thames in southeastern England (Hebbert, 2015). It is home to roughly 8.6 million people and Greater London covers approximately 1,572 square kilometers (Hebbert, 2015; Smith, 2015).
Known throughout the world as the “city that never sleeps”, from the lights of Broadway, jazz sounds of Harlem to the art of the Guggenheim, New York is rated as one of the most culturally significant cities in the world today (McAdams, 2007). Born from its early days as an immigrant entry port, New York boasts one of the most diverse populations in the USA (Cima, 2014; Ellis Island Foundation, 2015).

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The worlds top 10 most visited cities.
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By Natalie Spark, Paraskevi Trimmis, Colette Walker & Lance Walsh

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