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The Organ Systems

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Tori Betteridge

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of The Organ Systems

The Organ Systems
The Respiratory System
The primary function of the Respiratory System is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to the entire Body. It does this through breathing.

The Circulatory System
The Circulatory System is responsible for transporting materials throughout the entire body. It transports nutrients, water, and oxygen to the body cells and carries away wastes.
Reproductive System-Male and Female
The reproductive system is responsible for creating new life. A male and female come together to form a new baby.
Nervous System
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. It is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body.
Muscular System
The Muscular System is responsible for the movement of the human body. It has Three Main Groups: Smooth, Skeletal, and Cardiac Muscles.

Skeletal System
Integumentary System
The Integumentary System is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands. Skin functions in homeostasis include protection and regulation of body temperature. Hair and Nails derive from the skin.
Digestive System
The digestive system is made up of the digestive tract and other organs that help the body break down and absorb food. Our body has to break the food down into smaller molecules so that we can process it.
Endocrine System
The Endocrine System includes all of the glands of the body and the hormones produced by those glands. The glands are controlled by stimulation from chemical receptors in the blood and hormones produced by other glands.
Lymphatic System
The Lymphatic System is a system of capillaries, vessels, nodes and other organs that transport lymph from the tissues as it returns to the bloodstream. The tissue of these organs filter and clean the lymph of any abnormal cells, or pathogens.
Urinary System
The urinary system includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, two sphincter muscles, and the urethra. They work together to create, store, and carry urine.
5 Examples of How the 11 Different Body Systems Work With Each Other:
1. The Digestive System and the Skeletal System work together because digestion begins with chewing and teeth, which are part of the skeletal system, play a key role in digestion. Teeth are designed to break down food.
2. The Endocrine System and the Reproductive System work together because Endocrine System transmits the hormones that the Reproductive System uses to reproduce, nurture, and give birth with.
3. The Respiratory System works with the Circulatory System, by supplying oxygen in the lungs to the blood to be carried throughout the tissues in the body and taking carbon dioxide from the blood into the lungs to be exhaled.
4. The Integumentary System works with the Muscular System because The Integumentary system covers and protects the Muscular system.
5. The Urinary System works with the Lymphatic/Immune System because
the kidneys work to make sure whatever bad things in it are killed, and then the urinary system extracts it when it's ready.
2 Examples of Professions that Study Each Body System
1. Respiratory System- Pulmonologists are physicians who specialize in evaluating and treating the lungs. Respiratory Therapists carry out the orders of physicians to provide respiratory treatments.
2. Circulatory System- Electrocardiogram technicians take tests that record the electrical signals coming from the heart. Cardiologists are a specialist in the structure, function, and disorders of the heart.
3. Reproductive System- Gynecologists consult on pregnancies, reproductive therapy and other areas of the patient's reproductive system. A Fertilization Researcher studies the effects of in-vitro fertilization, stem cell biology, and the effects of different toxins on a fetus.
4. Nervous System-A Neurologist is a medical doctor who determines and treats disorders of the Nervous System. A Neurosurgeon may perform surgery on areas of the nervous system as part of a patient's treatment.
5.Muscular System- A Physical Therapist is trained to work with you to restore your activity, strength and motion following an injury. Orthopedic Surgeons treat a number of conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.
6. Skeletal System- Chiropractors use manipulations concentrated on the spinal column and vertebras, An Osteologist studies the structure and functions of bones.
7. Integumentary System- A Dermatologist specializes in skin and skin diseases.
8. Digestive System- Gastroenterologists treat diseases occurring throughout the entire system, from the esophagus to the rectum. Oncologists are specialists in treatment of cancers. Many cancers occur in the digestive tract, from tumors of the throat and stomach to lethal pancreatic cancers.
9. Endocrine System- Endocrinologists treat patients suffering from diseases and disorders relating to the endocrine system. Endocrine nurses educate and provide care for patients under the care of endocrinologists. They teach patients how to care for themselves and work with their doctors,
10. Lymphatic System- An Immunologist studies the Lymphatic System/Immune System.
11. Urinary System- A Urologist is an expert in the urinary tract. Nephrologists provide medical management to patients with kidney disease. They also provide care to kidney transplant patients and people with kidney failure, treating the latter with dialysis.

The Skeletal System is all of the bones in the body and the tissues such as tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connect them. The main job of the skeleton is to provide support for our body.
Disease: Skeletal System: Scoliosis:
Scoliosis is a side-to-side curve in the back or spine, often creating a pronounced "C" or "S" shape when viewed on an x-ray.

Signs and Symptoms:
-Uneven shoulders
-Uneven waist
-One hip higher than the other

If it gets worse, the spine will rotate and curve side to side. This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side. Severe scoliosis can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. A severe spinal curve can reduce the space in the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.
Disorder: Nervous System: Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease is categorized as a Degeneration Disease, which mean the mind is deteriorating. It is a progressive disease that destroys the memory and other mental functions. Alzheimer's is the most common form of Dementia. 4.5 million Americans suffer from this condition, which begins at the age of 60. In Alzheimer's disease, the connections between brain cells degenerate and die, causing a steady decline in memory and mental function. A few Signs and Symptoms include: Misplacing Things, Having Trouble Performing Everyday Tasks, Changes in Personality and Behavior, Poor Judgement, Repeating statements over and over, and Loss of Motivation. Risk Factors include: Age (the older you are the more likely you are to get it), Sex (Women are more likely to develop it), Genetics, and Lifestyle and Heart Health. There is nothing to be able to prevent this but, interventions such as eating properly, exercising, and quit smoking may help prevent it.
Works Cited
http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/systems/respiration.html
http://www.dedeep.com/respiratory-system-diagram/

(Circulatory)
http://abhishek-pande35.blogspot.com/2012/04/circulatory-system-human-body.html
http://hes.ucfsd.org/gclaypo/circulatorysys.html#What%20is%20the%20job%20of%20the%20Circulat

(Reproductive-male and female)
http://www.mcwdn.org/body/reproductive.html
http://kids.britannica.com/elementary/art-89496

(NervousSystem)
http://www.innerbody.com/image/nervov.html
http://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-the-Nervous-System.aspx
http://www.pennmedicine.org/health_info/body_guide/reftext/html/nerv_sys_fin.html

(Muscular System)
http://www.innerbody.com/image/musfov.html
http://www.sciencebob.com/research/muscles.php
http://www.physioshop.co.uk/muscular-system-flexible-laminated-chart.html

(Skeletal System
)http://www.innerbody.com/image/skelfov.html
http://www.pennmedicine.org/health_info/body_guide/reftext/html/skel_sys_fin.html

(Integumentary System)
http://www.innerbody.com/anatomy/integumentary
http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/biobookintegusys.html
http://faculty.southwest.tn.edu/rburkett/integumentary_system.htm

(Digestive System)
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/yrdd/
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/digestive/
http://www.childrenscolorado.org/wellness/info/kids/54048.aspx

Circulatory PIC --http://diseasespictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Circulatory-System-5.gif

Integumentary PIC--http://maliekhumanbody.wikispaces.com/file/view/inte.gif/136517523/250x406/inte.gif

Endocrine System--- http://www.innerbody.com/image/endoov.html
http://www.hormone.org/~/media/Hormone/Images/Endo%20101/RGB%20Image%20for%20Site.jpg?h=550&w=701

Lymphatic System--- http://www.innerbody.com/image/lympov.html
PIC- http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/prod_consump/groups/cr_common/@cah/@gen/documents/image/crukmig_1000img-12066.jpg

Urinary System- http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yoururinary/
http://panippulam.com/panippulamcom/padam/arokkiyam/urinary_system.jpg

(Respiratory)
Works Cited Continued
5 Examples of Systems working together:
http://www.livescience.com/22367-digestive-system.html
http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_basics/endocrine.html
(Endocrine Jobs)
http://www.ehow.com/facts_5138844_careers-endocrinology.html
(Lymphatic Job)
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_lymphatic_system_doctor_called
(Urinary)
http://work.chron.com/medical-careers-involved-urinary-system-22621.html
Disease:Scoliosis:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/scoliosis/DS00194
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/scoliosis/DS00194/DSECTION=symptoms
http://www.livescience.com/22537-skeletal-system.html

Disorder:Alzheimer's Disease:
http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/guide/alzheimers-disease-overview-facts
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/alzheimers-disease/DS00161
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/nervous_system_disorders/overview_of_nervous_system_disorders_85,P00799/
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