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Madame C.J. Walker
Transcript of Madame C.J. Walker
Created by Olivia Kernels
Guinness Book of World Records- first female to become a millionaire by her own achievements.
Scholar Molefi Kete Asante named Madame C.J. Walker on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans.
In 1998, the United States postal service issued a stamp to honor Madam C.J.
Walker was included in the National Women's Hall of Fame.
Also, she was included in the National Business Hall of Fame.
She decided to use her influence in the U.S. to help gain the rights of black Americans.
Madam C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, was born in the town of Delta, Louisiana on December 23, 1867. She was one of six children; she had one sister and four brothers. However, she was the first of all of her siblings to be born into freedom. After her parents passed away she moved in with her older sister and her brother-in-law. Later, she moved to St. Louis and married Charles Joseph in 1906.
Sarah, later known as Madame C.J., struggled with hair loss. During this time, Americans could not bathe often because of the problems with indoor plumbing and electricity. This led to scalp disease. Sarah experimented with products from stores and home remedies. At last, she introduced her self-created shampoo along with an ointment that included sulfur, which made her scalp healthier and helped hair growth. She sold her products throughout the United States. Later, she taught other black women how to build and promote businesses of their own.
Madam CJ Walker was introduced to harsh political violence at a young age while she grew up in the deep South. The rights of black people were planted in her consciousness early in her life. As an adult she was on the executive committee of the New York NAACP and helped organize a silent protest parade of more than 10,000 African Americans through the streets of Harlem. She approached President Woodrow Wilson to persuade him to pass legislation to stop lynching. She encouraged the women that were her sales agents to voice their opinions about the current political issues. Madam CJ Walker hoped to make a difference and make people aware of racism.
Madam Walker was said to be one of the greatest African American philanthropists in the nation's history. Her first opportunity for philanthropy was to build a new Young Men's Christian Association, and she donated $1,000.00. In beginning of her giving, Madam CJ Walker was interested in helping individuals who desired self-improvement but after a few bad experiences she turned her interests towards organizations and causes. She was a major funder of anti-lynching programs. After her passing she left a large portion of her estate to charity. Some of the benefactors included Tuskegee Institute and YMCA and YWCA of Louisville.
As Madame C.J. continued to make great profits, she developed a factory and beauty school in Pittsburgh. Soon after, Walker moved her business operations to Indianapolis. The Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company was so successful that the profits were the modern day equivalent of several million dollars. Her company not only made cosmetics but trained beauticians.
Quotes from Madam C.J.
Madam C.J. Walker. N.d. Photograph. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web.
"Madam C.J. Walker: Early Life" Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 28 Jan. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
Madame Walker. N.d. Photograph. Inventors. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.
"Madam C.J. Walker: Career" Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 28 Jan. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
Madam CJ Walker, Hair Product Tin, 1925. N.d. Photograph. Smithsonian Newsdesk. Web.
"Madam C.J. Walker." 2014. The Biography Channel Website. Jan 30. 2014. 01:40
Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company. N.d. Photograph. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 29 Nov. 2013. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
Madam C.J. Walker Beauticians. N.d. Photograph. Miss Nics Elegant Edge. Web Jan 30. 2014.
"Madam C.J. Walker's Political Activism." Aol.on. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
Silent Protest Parade in Harlem. N.d. Photograph. New York Times City Room. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"Madam C.J. Walker." The Philanthropy Roundtable. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
Tuskegee Institute. N.d. Photograph. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 May 2013. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
"FAQs." Madam C.J. Walker. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb 2014.
USPS Stamp of Madam C.J. N.d. Photograph. USPS Stamp of Approval. Web 01. Feb 2014.
"Madam Cj Walker Quotes." Madam Cj Walker Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014
"Madam C.J. Walker." Indiana Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
"Madam C.J. Walker: Inventor, Businesswoman." N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
"I got my start by giving myself a start."
"I had to make my own living and my own opportunity. But I made it! Don't sit down and wait for the opportunities to come. Get up and make them."
"I am not satisfied in making money for myself. I endeavor to provide employment for hundreds of the women of my race."
Madam C.J. Walker's Legacy
The physical legacy of Madam C.J. lives on today through:
The Madam Walker Theater Center in Indianapolis
The original Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company in New York
Stories shared by her family members through books, lectures and archives
Her greatest legacy, however, is the inspiration she gave by:
Boosting the confidence of black women
Initiating a philosophy of charitable giving in the black community
Being a political activist who showed employees how to protest against racial injustice