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Quoting Summarising and Paraphrasing
Transcript of Quoting Summarising and Paraphrasing
Use your own voice
Cite your sources!
Quoting, Summarising and Paraphrasing
...is when you have used the exact words from your source. Those words should always go in "quotation marks".
It is always a good idea to keep direct quotes to a minimum. Quoting doesn't showcase your writing ability, and lecturers had reading assignments with too many quotes. Only use direct quotes if the exact words are important - otherwise, try to paraphrase instead.
... always put quotation marks around the words that aren't yours.
Keep it short. Summarising is usually much, much shorter than the original - and usually gives the bare facts.
...is when you take the core idea from the original text, and re-write it completely in your own words (and "voice").
Paraphrasing often involves commenting about the information at the same time, and this is where you can really show your understanding of the topic. You should try to do this more often than quoting or summarising.
Keep it relevant
Whether you quote, summarise or paraphrase your sources, you need to make sure you are using information and ideas that are relevant to your argument.
James Cook University Library
It has been observed that "pink fairy armadillos seem to be extremely susceptible to stress" (Superina, 2010, p.6).
...is when you take a large amount of text (say, several paragraphs or a whole docment) and "boil it down" to the most important facts - then write those facts in your own words. Even if you use your own words, you still need to use in-text citations.
Superina (2010) observed a captive pink fairy armadillo, and noticed any variation in its environment could cause great stress.
Captive pink fairy armadillos do not respond well to changes in their environment and can be easily stressed (Superina, 2010).
It is important to remember that using a thesaurus to change every other word isn't really paraphrasing (and many lecturers think it is poor writing).
Paraphrasing should be your own "voice" as well as your own words - make it sound like something you would write!
Putting it in your own words doesn't magically make it your idea. You still need to cite your sources --
Where did you get your information from?
Always try to answer the "so what?" question.