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Formal, Functional, and Perceptual Regions

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richard eckley

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Formal, Functional, and Perceptual Regions

Formal, Functional, and Perceptual Regions
FORMAL REGIONS
Geographers draw formal regions on the basis
of one or more measurable, shared traits that
distinguish them from the surrounding area.
FUNCTIONAL REGIONS
Functional regions are defined by a system of interactions.
Perceptual Regions
Perceptual regions are more likely than other
kinds of regions to change over time.
Bicycle Metaphor
Bicycle Metaphor
Geographic
Regions
Represent
Clusters
of Human or Physical Geography
Human Clusters Change over Time
May be different based on your point of view
Are Separated from Other Regions by Transition Zones
Transition Zones
The "Border" of a Region
Marked by a Gradual Shift in Characteristics
(Think Fuzzy Lines)
Area of Mixed Characteristics and There is a Possibility of Tension Between Cultural Groups
3Classes of Regions
Formal
Functional
Perceptual
Physical
(Natural)
Climate
Landforms
Rivers
Vegetation
Lakes and Oceans
Human
(Cultural)
Language
Political
Religion
Ethnicity
3 Classes of Regions and 2 Types of Regions
Physical Characteristics
Human Characteristics
These traits can range from such
characteristics of the local population as
language, income, or religion to such physical
characteristics as elevation or climate.
Many physical features, such as valleys, are
easy to map as formal regions using naturally
occurring boundaries.
FACTS
EXAMPLES OF FORMAL REGIONS
*States- Texas, Florida, South Carolina, etc
*Countries- US, Mexico, Canada, etc
*Cities- Austin, Dallas, Houston, etc
*The area of town where the wealthiest people live.
*The Sahara Desert of Africa.
*U.S. city where more than 50% of residents speak Spanish.
** All Formal Regions are based on MEASURABLE data!!
Picture a bicycle wheel with a central axle in the middle of the wheel, which represents the center of all the activity. The spokes of the wheel represent links to outside areas (the tire) through transportation, communication and trade.
A perceptual region is defined by people’s feelings
and attitudes about an area.
They are also frequently based upon stereotypes,
as people's definitions of perceptual regions are
influenced by travel, media, reading, films, and
conversations.
Full transcript