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Legislation and welfare codes
Transcript of Legislation and welfare codes
Legislation for Traveling Exotics
DEFRA Codes of Practice (Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs.)
The Welfare of Animals (Transport (England) Order 2006)
Pet Travel Scheme
This legislation is effective for the transporting of exotics as it cover all vertebrate animals which includes exotics.
It is effective as it maintains the health and welfare of the animals during transportation through following their guidelines: livestock are not caused injury or unnecessary suffering, have to be fit to travel, those transporting have to be trained, journey is observed.
The legislation however is not specific to any species
This also only applies to the EU
This legislation effectiveness for exotics is minimalistic due to exotics not being listed.
This means that DEFRA does not apply to exotics when traveling as there are no codes of practice through their legislation.
But the health and welfare of the animals as they have code of practice that need to be followed although this does not include any exotic species.
DEFRA has plans to control the disease outbreak of an exotic illness or disease that come into the country. Control measures are stated through DEFRA.
This relates to the Animal Health Act 1981 equaling in the exotic animals health and welfare being cared for through DEFRA whether moving through the UK or in and out of the UK. A control tool they use for exotic animals disease are vaccinations when necessary.
C.I.T.E.S- this legislation covers the traveling of exotics and includes for each species:
- general welfare
- advanced arrangement for transport
- labeling and documentation
WATO is the legislation that aims to improve animal welfare through raising transportation standards.
In particular it provides significant improvements in enforcement capability in respects of all species.
This only covers dogs, cats and ferrets throughout the UK
People in the UK to take their dogs, cats and ferrets to other countries, and return to the UK without the need for quarantine.
The UK does not allow dogs, cats and ferrets that have not been vaccinated into the UK.
This legislation is not effective for exotics transportation as there are no guidelines or codes of practice that cover any exotic species.
This is effective due to the exotics animals that come into the UK have to be placed into quarantine so diseases cannot be spread. only the dog, cat and ferret travels through the UK on the Pet Travel Scheme
Meaning that the health and welfare of animals is protected through being in quarantine and being treated for diseases and illness
animals should have priority over merchandise
only animals in good health should be transported
animals in advanced pregnancy stages or recently given birth should not travel
sedation should only be administered in exceptional circumstances and a vet should be present
animals of different or same species shouldn't be contained together unless compatible
disturbed as little as possible
sick or injured animals during transport should see a vet ASAP including a record of happenings
suitable food, water and bedding throughout the journey
Human contact should be kept to a minimum, and housed away from food stuffs
Not transported with dangerous substances
Secured containers kept in a horizontal position
Advanced Arrangements for Transport
Labelling and Documentation
Appropriate period for holding prior to shipment
all possible precautions should be taken in advance
all containers should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after use
Cash on delivery facilities should not be used.
adequate material and strength of container
suitable construction e.g no sharp edges
no toxic or skin irritant material to be used
enough to lie down but not turn around
removable trays for waste products
sliding doors for secure transport but easy access
space bars for free flow of air
avoid stacking the containers.
Labelling on containers to provide instructions for how to store
temperature range required
instructions of diet, watering
details of any sedation given
date on which animals were crated
official stamp of carrier showing dates of receipt of consignment
The effectiveness of this legislation is good as it has guidelines for the transportation of wild animals which can be classed as exotics as soon as the wild is captured.
Disease is controlled through CITES too as they have records of what wild animals come in and out of the country. this will include all their documentation of illnesses and disease if they have any and what treatment has been given.
all countries that have agreed to come under CITES and are on the list voluntarily.
Meaning that it is not effective for transporting exotics or health and welfare of animals as it is not compulsory to sign on to CITES (176 countries are on the list now.)
DEFRA makes policies and legislation, and work with others to deliver our policies in areas such as:
natural environment, biodiversity, plants and animals
food, farming and fisheries
animal health and welfare
rural communities and issues