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TECHNOLOGY

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by

Jack Stigwood

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of TECHNOLOGY

Controls
OLD
Switched (ON/OFF)
predefined groups

NEW
DALI
Codes
5W/m2 - residential energy consumption allowance
Building permits based on
BCA Part J6 compliance of watts/m2allowance.
Residential Energy Allowances Watts/m2
USA
7.5W/m2
UK
Part L – 3/4 fittings must be "efficient"
> 54 lm/W
AUSTRALIA
5W/m2
DIFFERENCE
us vs oz
2.5W x 240m2 = 600W
600W
1880
1901
Mercury Vapor
600W / 8W = 75 LAMPS
75 x 620LUMENS = 46,500LUMENS
What is a Specialist Lighting Designer?
ARCHITECT
Lighting is a part of Architecture

Seamless incorporation and sensibly revealing

ENGINEER
BCA & Australian Standard calculations

Circuitry and loading capacities

INDUSTRIAL
DESIGNER
Customised luminaires

Material and product quality

Aesthetic
Cost
Energy
Colour Comparision
Thermal
OPTICAL
FACTORS
MECHANICAL
THERMAL
Not all LED's are created equal
VS
VS
Beam
Optical
Glare
WHY IS CRI IMPORTANT?
LED
CRI 95
HOLOGEN
CRI 100

Incandescent / Halogen = 100
Common Fluorescent = 60-80
Tri Phosphor Fluorescent = 80-89
Metal Halide = 80'S
LED = 60-95
Lamp Efficiencies
(umens/Watt)
Halogen = <5,000
Common Fluorescent = <20,000
Tri Phosphor Fluorescent = <20,000
Metal Halide = <24,000
LED = >30,000
Halogen = 25
Common Fluorescent = 50-102
Tri Phosphor Fluorescent = 46-82
Metal Halide = 65-110
LED = 30-110
Look at
me....
Hierarchy of Urban Lighting
Who decides what is lit?
No Permit required presently!

73 Lumen/W
3000K
10 year warranty
CRI >83
$38
1
33 Lumen/W
2500K-3300K
3 year warranty
CRI ?
$5
54 Lumen/W
3000K
5 year warranty
CRI >80
$30
2
4
43 Lumen/W
3000K
3 year warranty
CRI 95
$25
3
Timeline
Lighting Development
LED Marketplace Snapshot
Responsible Lighting Design
Look at
me....
No look
at me..
I'm the
tallest!
Haitz's Law
Output +20x/decade
Cost -10x/decade
Just got complicated
Responsibility
I A L D
Establishing an urban lighting hierarchy
Specialist Lighting Designer
excluding lifespan
including lifespan
Environment Impact
Energy Codes
Factors
LED Consideration
IALD Specialist
Lighting Designer
Artist
Engineer
1962
Metal
Halide
1994
Blue LED
High output
1927
1997
White LED
Phosphor
Fluorescent
2.8W/m2
Cost
Ave desk illuminance
Control

3.6W/ms
Cost
Ave desk illuminance
Control
2.4W/m2
Cost
Ave desk illuminance
Control
Incandescent
1911
Neon
1961
Red LED
Low output
1915
Gas-filled
Tungsten
1959
Tungsten
Halogen
`
Sustainability
Colour Rendering Index (CRI)
Technology
State of
Lamp Efficiencies
(Lumens/Watt)
Life Span
(Hours)
Play
Selective Lighting Design
Hierarchy of Urban Lighting
Haitz's Law
How an LED works
Beams vary
Build quality varies
Colour varies
Cost + Performance varies
A look at the codes
Why quality varies
Make better use of daylight
Only light what's necessary
DALI control
What is a Lighting Designer?
difference
Lighting Designers make a
How we procure buildings
Architect?
What does this mean for the
Meet Gary
Full transcript