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P s y c h o l o g y
Transcript of P s y c h o l o g y
THE DEFINITION OF psychology
"The science that deals with mental processes and behavior"
psychology through a critical lense
Expanding our understanding of how “language and symbols operate by demonstrating their ability to reflect unconscious fears or desires”
An investigation of “the creative process of the artist: what is the nature of literary genius and how does it relate to normal mental functions?”
The psychological study of a particular artist, usually noting how an author’s biographical circumstances affect or influence their motivations and/or behavior.
The analysis of fictional characters using the language and methods of psychology.
analyzing the characters
Based on the Sigmund Freud
"'I won't be too gay on any account,' she would say to herself. 'It would be tempting Providence to hurl mother and me down, and afflict us again as He used to do.'"
"Like all people who have known rough times, lightheartedness seemed to her too irrational and inconsequent to be indulged in except as a reckless dram now and then; for she had been too early habituated to anxious reasoning to drop the habit suddenly."
Operant Conditioning :
-behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforced or diminished if followed by a punishment
“The history of Susan Henchard’s adventures in the interim can be told in two or three sentences. Absolutely helpless she had been taken off to Canada, where they had lived several years without any great worldly success, though she worked as hard as any woman could to keep their cottage cheerful and well-provided.”
-the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
A mental illness that brings severe
high and low moods
changes in energy, thinking, and behavior
. People with bipolar disorder can have periods in which they are overly happy and other
periods of feeling sad or hopeless
. This can also include
irritability, impulsive or reckless decision-making or depression.
“On a previous occasion when he had declared during a fuddle that he would dispose of her as he had done, she had replied that she would not hear him say that many times more before it happened… ‘Yet she knows I am not in my senses when I do that!’he exclaimed. ‘Well, I must walk about till I find her. . . . Seize her, why didn’t she know better than bring me into this disgrace!’... ‘ ‘Tis like susan to show such idiotic simplicity’. … When he was calmer he turned to his original conviction that he must somehow find her and his little Elizabeth-Jane, and put up with the shame as best he could.It was of his own making, and he ought to bear it.”
A severe form of dissociation that produces a
lack of connection
in a person's thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity
. In other words this person has
two or more distinct personalities
identities that have power over their behavior.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
“The fuddled young husband stared for a few seconds at this unexpected praise of his wife, half in doubt of the wisdom of his own attitude towards the possessor of such qualities. But he speedily lapsed into his former conviction, and said harshly-
‘Well, then, now is your chance; I am open to an offer for this gem o’ creation.’”
The following is a therapy session between a psychoanalytic therapist by the name of Donald Farfrae and Michael Henchard who has presumed the occupation of mayor of a small city known as Casterbridge
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