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ART THROUGH TIME: The Italian Renaissance
Transcript of ART THROUGH TIME: The Italian Renaissance
well-known and well-loved
artists! (along with a couple
special guests) LEONARDO DA VINCI Introducing... JACK OF ALL TRADES Da Vinci is responsible for a lot of the
growth in the early 1500's. Not only was he a magnificent artist, but he was also mathmetician, engineer, inventer, anatomist, geologist - you get the picture. (just look here!) He Did All That?! As mentioned in the video, he did paint the Mona Lisa! It is believed he painted it between 1503 and 1506. To this day, the Mona Lisa is acclaimed to be "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world"! Geez. (Here's a hilarious website you might wanna check out!) http://www.cite-sciences.fr/francais/ala_cite/expo/explora/image/mona/en.php Religious Artist? It is under debate about whether or not Da Vinci was religious. He did create three religious works that I'm sure you've heard of. The Last Supper, The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and St. John the Baptist, and The Virgin and Child with St. Anne. The Virgin and Child with St. Anne 1510 The Virgin and Child with St. Anne
and St. John the Baptist 1499–1500 The Last Supper 1498 Want to learn the secrets of this painting? http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100331091143.htm He Must Have Passed It On, Right Da Vinci became a master artist with a workshop in Milan. There he hired a multitude of assistants and pupils, but only two are especially remembered. Salai Gian Giacomo Caprotti da Oreno (Salai) was one of the first pupils Da Vinci had. Although he had a nasty habit of stealing from Da Vinci, he stayed in his household for 25 years. Melzi was the last and arguably the most important pupil Da Vinci had. He joined the household in 1506 and stayed until Da Vinci's death, inheriting all of his works. Francesco Melzi Bravo Da Vinci, Bravo It was a sad day the day Da Vinci died in 1519. He died in an honorable place however, right with King Francis I. The King hired him as a court painter in 1516 and treated him with great esteem. It is said that the King held his head as he died. He left a great many things for us to remember him by, like his amazing painting techniques: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/entertainment/news/article.cfm?c_id=1501119&objectid=10461117 Next Up? MICHELANGELO Who Was He? Michelangelo was an extremely talented sculptor, later revealed to be a wonderful painter as well. Most of the influence on western art during the High Renaissance came from him. (yoohoo, over here!) The Mini Biography http://www.biography.com/people/michelangelo-9407628/videos/michelangelo-mini-biography-2165763149 Sound Familiar? I'm sure you know who he is now. As mentioned, he did sculpt "David" and the Pietà. Michelangelo had a low opinion of painting, but he also managed to create one of the most influential murals ever on the walls of the Sistine Chapel. David 1501-1504 The Pietà 1499 Book of Genesis and The Last Judgement 1508-1512 Fun Facts? It took him approximately 4 years to complete the mural
He was also responsible for building Pope Julius II's tomb.
The mural contains over 300 figures. Battle Of The Legends? Michelangelo was known to be very competitive and self involved. This sparked conflict between Da Vinci and him. He even went as far as to call Leonardo out, saying that he couldn't cast anything. Soft Side? Well, even if he was less than nice to Da Vinci, he was believed to have had assistants. There isn't much evidence, but it is believed he had a few pupils. One in particular caught his attention, Andrea Quaratesi. This piece of scrap paper has a message written to Andrea in the bottom right. It says "Andrea abbi patientia", which means "Andrea, have patience." Words of Encouragement Goodbye Mikey! Michelangelo lived a long life and completed many works, including at least 37 sculpts. In 2007 they uncovered his last piece of work before his death in 1564, a red chalk sketch for the dome of St Peter's Basilica. Last But Not Least... RAPHAEL Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino More commonly known as Raphael, he was an Italian painter and architect. People most admired his work for its clarity and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Although he died young, he was very productive in his years. (he gets a gold star) Work, Work, Work Raphael had a workshop of 50 pupils and assistants. Many of them became popular artists in their own right. His workshop team was the largest under any single old master painter, but only two of his most prized pupils were left with many of Raphael's works. Giulio Romano The first lucky pupil that caught Raphael's attention. He actually became quite famous and his works were very treasured, as they still are today. Gianfrancesco Penni Penni was the second lucky pupil of Raphael's. He wasn't quite as popular as Romano, but the work on the right is his "Virgin with Blue Diadem". He Just Can't Stand Still! Raphael was totally a busy body. He completed a phenomenal amount of things during his short lifetime. His early works and the works he completed during his Florentine Period add up to 40+, but he was the busiest during his Roman Period. Here are three of his most popular works 1520 The Transfiguration The Marriage of the Virgin 1504 The School of Athens 1509 Where Are They Now? Many of Raphael's works can be found at the Apostolic Palace. It is also known as the Vatican Palace, the Papal Palace and the Palace of the Vatican. It is the official residence of the Pope. The Four Stanze di Raffaello Speaking of the Vatican Palace, Raphael and his workshop completed the famous frescoes residing there. The four rooms littered with Raphael's frescoes are named "Raphael's Rooms", appropriately enough. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael_Rooms For all the pictures of the beautiful frescoes: Gone Too Soon... Raphael died at the age of 37 on Good Friday, which was possibly his birthday as well (that stinks). His illness lasted 15 days and his funeral was grand, attended by large crowds. His inscription translates to :
"Here lies that famous Raphael by whom Nature feared to be conquered while he lived, and when he was dying, feared herself to die." - Pietro Bembo And That's It... Together Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael form the Traditional Trinity of Great Masters. They were the art of the Renaissance.