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Transcript of San Francisco
After being populated by the indigenous tribe, Olone, for over 1000 years, San Francisco (SF) was then settled by Spanish explorers in 1769.
After Mexican independence from Spain, SF remained a small settlement utilized for its key military position on the bay and was called "Yerba Buena".
Following Mexico's defeat in the Mexican-American War, San Francisco received it's current name and began its expansion to the current city we now know.
Golden Age of San Francisco
Because of the Earthquake of 1906, San Francisco had to be completely rebuilt. This "rebirth" allowed for a complete re-planning of the city and the development of some of the famous landmarks known today.
San Francisco: City of Social Activism & Diversity
San Francisco: Today
San Francisco is one of the most visited cities in the United States.
California Gold Rush - 1849
Population in San Francisco boomed from 1,000 to 25,000 people in ONE year.
San Francisco: The Paris of the West
After the Gold Rush, San Francisco became the cultural center of the West known worldwide for its architecture, flamboyant lifestyle, stately hotels and ostentatious mansions.
Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores)
Mark Hopkins Mansion - Nob Hill (1880)
Downtown San Francisco - c. 1900
At 5:12am on April 18, 1906, a major earthquake struck San Francisco and Northern California.
The earthquake leveled 3/4 of the city and killed over 500 people.
Over half of the city's population (around 450,000) were left homeless.
San Francisco Earthquake of 1906
Over $9 billion dollars of damage in today's money.
"Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone." –Jack London
Rebuilding the "City by the Bay"
The rebuilding of the San Francisco was quick and immediate, only taking about 10 years.
Complete city reconstruction...
...total rebuilding of infrastructure...
...disaster relief for SF refugees...
San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge - 1933
Know locally as the "Bay Bridge"
Was completed 6 months before the Golden Gate Bridge
Has one of the longest spans in the world.
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - 1915
This International Expo showcased San Francisco's recovery from the 1906 earthquake.
The San Francisco Municipal Railway - 1917
The Golden Gate Bridge - 1933
Considered one of the "Wonders of the Modern World" and is the most photographed bridge on Earth.
What was the original name of San Francisco?
In your opinion, which was more influential on the culture of San Francisco, the Gold Rush of 1849 or the Earthquake of 1906? Why?
In the 1960s & 70s, San Francisco began to implement the most extreme social reforms in the US.
Was one of the first cities to abolish laws that kept minority workers from receiving full pay and benefits.
San Francisco currently has the highest minimum wage in the country and offers benefits to part-time employees (this is unheard of in other states).
Why do you think these movements that happened in San Francisco are more famous? Other movements just like these have happened (or are happening) in cities all over the world.
San Francisco is considered the 4th most diverse city in the US.
48% of the city's population age 5 and older speak a mother tongue other than English.
Historically, San Francisco has served as the hub of many social movements including Women's Rights, Minority Rights, LGBT Rights, and Labor Rights in the US.
SF became known as a "Haven for Hippies"in the 1960s.
Some of the first "hippies" were students from San Francisco College who rejected the status quo, criticized middle-class values and opposed the Vietnam War.
San Francisco: The City by the Bay
SF has a cool-Mediterranean-like climate (only above 24ºC 29 days a year)
Because of the topography, SF has many microclimates.
ALWAYS bring a jacket!!
Entertainment & Leisure
SF is known for its "small-town" feel.
Diverse neighborhoods are filled with sights and shops.
Museums, Opera Houses, and many theatres.
Many sports events including the impromtu ballgame in Golden Gate Park.
San Francisco has the second-highest percentage of residents with a college degree, behind Seattle only.
4 public colleges and universities
21 private colleges and universities
Over 90 language schools teaching over 30 languages.
What makes San Francisco unique compared to other cities in the United States?