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The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
Transcript of The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
Shortly after the war the living conditions in West and East Germany became noticeably different
West Germany was set up as a capitalist society experiencing rapid growth in their economy.
East Germany ended up becoming its own country under Soviet control establishing a communist society.
By the late 1950's many people who resided in East Germany wanted to get out no longer wanting to deal with the living conditions.
Hundreds of thousands packed their bags and headed to West Berlin leaving the East with a rapidly declining labour force and population.
By: Victoria, Maria-Palma and Angelia
By the end of the Second World War the Allied powers divided conquered Germany into four different zones with each being occupied by the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
The same division took place with Germany's capital city Berlin.
The relationship that once existed between the Soviet Union and the other three Allied powers quickly fell apart turning Germany into a territory of ongoing conflict.
The United States, Great Britain and France combined to form West Germany While the Soviet Union formed East Germany
What Happened Prehistorically?
The Construction of the Wall
Mass Emigration Between East and West Berlin
The Berlin Wall prevented the majority of East Germans from making their way to the West but a few made it safely across.
As time progressed many people wanted to regain access to the amenities that they once had access to on the other side of the wall.
Many people expressed their concerns at non-violent protests and demonstrations such as the 1989 pro-democracy demonstration that took place in East Berlin.
On November 9,1989 as the Cold War began to relax a spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in the city's relationship with the West. At midnight citizens were once allowed to cross over from East to West regaining the freedom that was once taken away from them 28 years ago.
The wall was eventually chipped away and on October 3,1990 the reunification of East and West Germany was made official.
Geopolitcal Conflict and Cooperation In The 21st Century
By 1961 East Germany lost an estimated 2.5 million people and needed to do something to stop the easy access East Germans had to West Berlin so they decided to build a wall to prevent them from crossing the border.
On August 13, 1961 trucks with soldiers and construction workers began tearing up the streets that bordered East and West Berlin.
A concrete wall with barbed wire that extended over one hundred miles was built cutting off access to communication, jobs and entertainment between both sides.
Destructing History:The Berlin Wall
"Berlin Wall Video." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/berlin-wall/videos>.
"The Cold War Museum." Cold War Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/60s/BerlinWallTimeLine.asp>.
"The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/coldwa1/a/berlinwall.htm>.
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Results of the Protest
On November 4, 1989 over one million people attended the protest in East Berlin's main square. It was a gathering in favor of democracy.
Key results of the Protest
On November 4, 1989 the East German Government resigned
On November 9, 1989 East Germans are able to travel to West Germany and West Berlin
On December 22, 1989 the Brandenburg gate is opened
October 3, 1990 Germany is finally reunited
A Division Through Time: The Berlin Wall 20 Years Later
The movement (rise and fall of the Berlin wall) has had lasting effects on Germany and the World. The two areas in particular that have been effected by the movement are in the area of politics and social ideologies.
Throughout the movement, Germany faced a great political divide. West Berlin was the thriving Capitalist state and East Germany the desperate Communist state. After the movement the communist party proved to be a less significant power. From the perspective of the world, the fall of the wall was symbolic of the fall of communism in Europe. The United States became the ultimate promoter of democracy. In Africa, shortly after the fall of the wall, Nelson Mandela was released. The African states supported by the Soviets, lost set support and were sent into a civil war.
Germany was torn apart over the movement. There was a mass divide for about thee decades. It was not till 1990 that there was an official reunification of Germany.
John F. Kennedy: In the year 1961 when the division of Berlin had begun, American President John F. Kennedy had not made a public reaction to the wall but only insisted that if the Soviets and East Germans invaded West Berlin would they consider war. Later in 1963, Kennedy visited Berlin.
Ronald Regan: In 1987, American President Ronald Regan, visits Berlin. In his visit he calls out Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachaev to remove the wall.
Mikhail Gorbachev: Statesmen and advocate for communism. Mikhail was in favor of the wall.
Nikita Khrushchev: Soviet leader who supported the building of the wall. He gave permission for the construction of the wall.
Walter Ulbricht: The leader of East Germany at the time of the movement.
Germany was split into four zones British, French, Soviet and American