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Taoism

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by

Tony Maccarella

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Taoism

Taoism
Origins
Based on ancient Chinese ideas
Yin and yang originated about 3000 BCE
Laozi (probably 7th century BCE)
Tao Te Ching (Dao De Jing)
book of the Tao and its power
Basic Tenets (Beliefs)
1. Universe governed by one unifying force
• Tao (Great Ultimate)
2. Tao is divided into two opposing forces
• Yang (light, heat, Heaven, male, sun)
• Yin (darkness, cool, earth, female, moon)
3. Each force creates its opposite
• Continuous and cyclical motion
4. Yin and yang produce everything in the universe

The Nature of the Tao
The nature of the Tao
Ultimate reality that cannot be seen (Nothingness)
Unlimited and undefined
The way of the universe (the rhythm and the force)
It gets stronger as it is used

Goals of Taoism
To increase Te (power of Tao) through Chi (balance)
Ultimately, to live in harmony with the Tao (enlightenment)
To be One with nature and the universe

Conclusion
Essential Concepts
Flexibility
The oak and the willow
Water

Balance
Yin and Yang
Tai Chi
Hua Tuo (220-265 CE)
Physician who taught movements of the Five Creatures (tiger, deer, bear, ape and birds)
Meant to loosen joints

Bodhidharma (6th C. CE)
Concerned that Shao-lin monks meditate
Too much / exercise too little
Taught monks Kung-fu
Evolution of Tai Chi
Watch this clip from Kung Fu Panda. Identify the key ideas of Taoism.
In your own words, write
what you think this means:
Lao Tzu ~

"Clay is molded to make a vessel, but the utility of the vessel lies in the space where there is nothing... Thus, taking advantage of what is, we recognize the utility of what is not"
Nothingness
House
Clay pot
Universe

Inaction
Defeat
Achievement

Naturalness
Nature
Feng Shui
Essential Concepts
Evolution of Tai Chi
Xu Xuanping (Tang Dynasty)
Neijia (Intrinsic School)

Zhang Sanfeng (c. 1400 CE)
"Founder" of Tai Chi
Incorporated philosophy, physiology, psychology, geometry, dynamics
Combined ideas of I Ching with Neijia movements
Stressed suppleness and elasticity
Opposed to hardness and force
Full transcript