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Transcript of Malcolm X
Nation of Islam
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- Malcolm was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska.
- He lived with seven siblings, his mom, Louise a home maker, and Earl Little, his dad, who was a preacher, and also a part of the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
- Malcolm was an exceptional student in school, but dropped out at 15 years old, because his teacher discouraged him.
- He was put in the foster system at the age 13
(Dad killed in crash, mom admitted)
- KKK attacked his family
- Him and fellow blacks were harassed verbally, emotionally, and physically on a daily basis. (He told his teacher his goal is to become a lawyer, she said to become a carpenter because he's black)
- His house fire bombed early morning Febuary 14th 1965.
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Malcolm (Detroit Red) was a high school drop out, cocaine addict, and thief. He was arrested January 16, 1946 for breaking and entering/carrying a weapon, and was sentenced to 8-10 years in Charlestown Prison.
Malcolm Little, also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was an African American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. He articulated black nationalism and demanded equality in the 1950's and 60's.
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Malcolm Little (Malcolm X)
Malcolm died February 21st 1965 in the Audubon Ballroom at 3:10pm. He was shot several times and pronounced dead by the time he arrived at the hospital, because he sought for a United Nations, and believed in black human rights. No one knew for sure who killed Malcolm but most people suspected it was Elijah, Malcolm knew the truth about him. It also could have been some racist wishing to end Malcolm's protests.
During Malcolm's time in prison he had a sudden thirst for reading and educating himself, influenced by family, and Elijah Muhammad he converts to the Nation of Islam.
- Malcolm X converted to the Nation of Islam after being influenced by some family members and letters from Elijah Muhammad.
- He believed that if black people wanted freedom, justice, and equality, black Americans needed to establish their own state separate from white Americans.
- When he became Muhammad's most effective recruiter and spokesperson, and eventually became a minister.
- In 1964, he announced a former break with the nation of Islam after being suspended, and sought closer ties with the mainstream civil rights movement.
- As Malcolm traveled the globe, he encountered Muslims of all colours, instead of just black which made him see white people differently. He started judging people by their actions rather than race.
On April 10th 1964 Malcolm returned to Detroit to read his famous “Ballot or Bullets” speech. “It’s freedom for everybody or freedom for nobody,” he said. Malcolm declared that if the blacks were willing to fight for the U.S against Vietnam and Korea, there shouldn't be any problem with them taking their guns to defend themselves and other African Americans against the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and every other racist in their country. Unlike Martin Luther King (who said they should be peaceful no matter what happens) Malcolm said they should stand up and fight for their rights, by having black people stand united against the white. Malcolm X was a courageous, smart, and kind hearted hero for so many people. His legacy lives on till this day.
Malcolm is released from prison after 6 years (1952) and meets Elijah Muhammad (head of the movement) in Chicago where he later moves. He becomes the minister of several temples. However, leaves once he finds out the truth about Elijah Muhammad's indiscretions.
Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you quality or justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it.