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Multiculturalism and Social Justice

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Naz Salahuddin

on 24 January 2017

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Transcript of Multiculturalism and Social Justice

Social Justice principles:

Ongoing Self-Examination
(Goodman et al., 2004)
Critically assess biases

No such thing as “free of

Know historical and current
relationships of your and your
client’s social group

Clients may feel distrustful
and cautious

Unearned advantages given to members (or assumed members) of a more powerful group (Israel, 2012), while simultaneously excluding others from accessing these advantages (oppression)
Psychology, Power, Privilege and Oppression
Write about how you describe your culture. List 5 values, beliefs, practices, or aspects of your worldview that were influenced by your culture.
What is the most important to you about your culture?
What are you most proud of about your culture?
What is most misunderstood about your culture?
Cultural Introductions
1. Spend 5 minutes introducing yourself and your culture.
2. Write down one specific cultural similarity or difference between you and your classmate. How might this similarity or difference impact you if you were therapist and client?
3. Prepare to share what you discussed with the rest of the class
Types of Oppression
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

Method of social coordination that allows a group of people to meet their needs and survive. Includes worldviews and practices (Matsumoto & Juang, 2013)

Cultural groups?
What is culture?
A sociopolitical process that refers to the capacity to effect change and wield influence over others
Psychologists as privileged and with power
Overt: result of malicious intent
Covert: Not as obvious, intentional or unintentional and without malice
Overt: result of malicious intent
Covert: Not as obvious, intentional or unintentional and
without malice
Upholding one particular culture as ideal, while devaluing other cultures as inferior

Aversive Racism (Dovidio et al., 2002)
Racial bias that is expressed in indirect ways and can be justified on the basis of non-racial factors
Implicit, more subtle, and often unintentional attitudes
(with significant consequences)

*Emergency situations

Most common among individuals with egalitarian values
Correlates with non-verbal behavior
Implicit and Explicit Bias in Therapy
Microaggressions in therapy (REM, LGBT, & women)
Microaggressions: “Common verbal or behavioral indignities..which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative…slights and insults.” (Sue et al., 2007)
Micro assaults
(mostly conscious)
e.g., more direct discriminatory action or insult
Micro invalidations
(mostly unconscious)
Exclude, negate or nullify the reality of a minority
e.g., denying that –ism exists

Micro insults
(mostly unconscious)
Convey rudeness,
insensitivity or demean
e.g., believing the cultural norms of a group are
wrong or pathological

What can be done about implicit bias? (Devine et al., 2013)
Devine, P. G., Forscher, P. S., Austin, A. J., & Cox, W. T. L. (2012). Long-term reduction in implicit race bias: A prejudice habit-breaking intervention. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(6), 1267-1278.
Goodman, L. A., Liang, B., Helms, J. E., Latta, R. E., Sparks, E., & Weintraub, S. R. (2004). Training counseling psycholoigsts as social justice agents: Feminist and multicultural principles in action. The Cousneling Psychologist, 32(6), 793-837.
Israel, T. (2012). 2011 society of counseling psychology presidential address: exploring privilege in counseling psychology: shifting the lens. The Counseling Psychologist, 40(1), 158-180. 10.1177/0011000011426297
Matsumoto, D. & Juang, L. (2013). Culture & Psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Business Items
1. Friday Assignment

2. Checks for assessments
Social justice requires responsible use of power
Consequences of irresponsible use of power?
Full transcript