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The life in a concentration camp
Transcript of The life in a concentration camp
Routine selections were carried only out at Auschwitz, not at other camps. At extermination camps, a very small number of men were sometimes selected to help sort valuables and get rid of the corpses, but the point of these camps was industrial-style killing. All other camps were, by definition, forced labour camps.
It was a part of the intake process to the camps. Persons determined to be of no value as labor would be sent for immediate extermination, the old, the very young, the ill and the infirm were of little or no value to the Nazi slave labor camps. Sometimes people were saved because a certain skill was in short supply like cobblers, or tailors or machinists. It was an important part of the program to exploit fully anyone of use before they were killed. People were sent to labour camps not with the main purpose of killing them but for them to work for the war effort (although the poor treatment/ conditions/ overworking meant many died there anyways.) Death camps, on the other hand, were designed purely for killing. This was their sole purpose and was where you'd find the gas chambers etc.
Gas chambers were large rooms or halls that could be made airtight. The victims were packed tightly inside, the doors shut and then the gas was released. After about 30 minutes the place was ventilated thoroughly and the corpses were put in vast ovens to burn them. These ovens are called crematoria. They were used to exterminate 6 million jews, among others, in what is now called the Holocaust.
Produce by Sherry Wu
Ethan Yang At Auschwitz (from early 1942 on) the Jews were separated into fit for work and not fit for work. The latter were gassed as soon as possible, the former had to work as slave labourers.
At othe extermination camps, such as Sobibor and Treblinka, a small number of new arrivals were selected to help dispose of the corpses.
At ordinary concentration camps the newly arrived prisoners were sent off to work - as slave labour.
At some ordinary concentration camps, especially in the early days, there were 'initiation ceremonies', including severe beatings, for new arrivals. Dachau was Germany's first concentration camp, started in 1933 because the prisons were overflowing with people the government didn't like. They didn't have enough money to just build more prisons the way we do in our War on Drugs, so the Nazis built work camps like Dachau. Dachau is distinctive because it was here that SS personnel (Eichmann, Hess) trained for work in newer camps such as Auschwitz. Pastor Martin Niemler, who initially supported the Nazis, ended up here in 1938 a few kilos of dates for a funeral