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Transcript of Communicative Approach
Approach The communicative approach in language teaching starts from a theory of language as communication. The goal is to develop what Hymes (1972) reffered to as 'communicative competence'. Hymes's theory of communicative competence was a definition of what a speaker needs to know in order to be communicatively competent in a speech community. At the level of theory, CLT has a rich, if somewhat eclectic, theoretical base. Some of the characteristics of this communicative view of lg follow.
1. Lg is a system for for the expression of meaning.
2. The primary function of lg is for interaction and communication.
3. The structure of lg reflects its functional and communicative uses.
4.The primary units of lg are not merely its grammatical and structural features, but categories of functional and communicative meaning as examplified in discourse. Theory of Language 1. The communication principle: Activities that involve real communication promote learning.
2. The tasks principle: Activities in which lg is used for carrying out meaningful tasks learning.
3. The meaningfulness principle: Lg that is meaningful to the learner support the learning process. Learning activities are consequently selected according to how well they engage the learner in meaningful and authentic language use (rather than merely mechanical practice of language patterns) Theory of learning