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Evidence

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by

Amy Edmonds-Frost M.S.

on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Evidence

Evidence
Evaluation of text based
evidence

What is evidence?
Evidence is a thing or things helpful in forming a conclusion or judgment about something or someone (proof, support, verification, etc).
Write this in your notes.
Write this in your notes.
Where is it found?
Evidence can be
found in:
Print and tech. sources
Observations
Interviews
Surveys
Experiments
Personal experiences
What it looks like?
Quotations
Write in your notes
Paraphrasing
and Summarizing
Graphs, charts
statistics, data
Determining the evidence's validity:
Write in your notes:
Validity:
Refers to statements that have the appearance of
truth
or
reality
Copy in your notes:

Look for
A.-R.-A.
Adequate
Reliable
Appropriate
ADEQUATE:
Evidence is
ADEQUATE
when:
a. There is enough of it to support the assertion or thesis—usually one piece of evidence is not enough to support an assertion or thesis;
and
b. There is enough to satisfy the audience.
Reliable sources have earned respectable reputations.
Reliable sources are trustworthy and knowledgeable people, books, magazines, papers, and Internet sites.
Reliable people have a good reputation and are experts in their field.
Reliable sources are named and can be located.
(Enough)
Websites ending in:
gov
edu
org are generally reliable sources, but may have specific agendas aimed at the reader.
Reliable =
Trustworthy
Appropriate
(Fitting)
Evidence is appropriate when it:
is directly related to the topic
comes from a current source
addresses the intended audience
When is it used?
-Like a lawyer in a jury trial, a writer must convince their audience of the validity (
logical and rational
) of their argument by using evidence effectively.
-As a writer, you must also use evidence to influence your readers to accept your claims.
Let's try it!
Read through this
sample and determine if the evidence is valid.
Eating
Flaming Hot Chip-o's
is bad for your health. ABC news reports that eating an excessive amount of these snack chips can lead to gastritis [inflammation of the stomach lining that results in bloating and discomfort (cdc.gov May 2013)]. Holy Cross Hospital has reported 11 cases of upset stomachs in the last month due to these snacks. "When you eat these snacks, you set yourself up for ulcerations and erosion of the stomach and you can even end up with peptic ulcer disease," states Dr Rivera of USC's Gastrointestinal Division. If that's not convincing enough, Micky Falsa, a 10 year old who (use to) consume three bags of these snacks a day says "I love em' so much goin' in, but I just can't take the way it burns goin' out!"
Is it ADEQUATE?
Let's list the sources:
Is it RELIABLE?
ABC - They are considered a reliable source for news.
Is it APPROPRIATE?
ABC Summary - On topic
ABC News - summary
cdc.gov (Center of Disease Control) proven data
Holy Cross - statistics
Dr. Rivera - quote
Micky Falsa - personal experiance
There are multiple sources consisting of multiple types of citations. . . so. . .
Check the sources again:
cdc.gov - If you can't trust your government, who can you trust?
YES!
Hospital Stats: Data collected and reported should be considered fact
Dr. Rivera - specialty is in the topic of discussion.
Mickey Falsa - First hand experience of topic.
YES!
One more look at the evidence
cdc.gov - defines symptoms in a current time frame
Hospital info - direct correlation to discussion.
Dr. Rivera - speaks to the effects of topic.
Micky Falso - relates to topic.
YES!
Write this in your notes
I like turtles.
Tell me about your face painting.
Determining good evidence
Let's look back at this passage and refresh:
What is the topic?
What is the writer's purpose?
What is the writer's perspective?
Does the writer make a good point?
Write in your notes
Write this in your notes
If all "YES," the evidence is accurate!
Full transcript