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Transcript of Atomic Bonding
the Law of Conservation of Mass Atomic Bonding determine an element's reactivity. Valence Electrons There are two major types of bonds: Therefore, it has the ability to form 4 different covalent bonds. Carbon has 4
valence electrons. are molecules formed primarily of carbon and hydrogen. Hydrocarbons are long chains of monomers. Polymers are man-made polymers which have a variety of uses. Plastics The elements in group 8A (noble gases) are non-reactive because most of them have a stable octet of valence electrons. The elements in group 1 are reactive because they tend to give their single valence electrons to elements in group 7A. The elements in group 7A are highly reactive because they are searching out a single electron to fill their outer shell of valence electrons. Hydrogen has 1 valence electron.
Because it is found in the first period, it only needs 2 valence electrons to fill it's outer shell. Are the images below examples of saturated or unsatruated hydrocarbons?
How do you know? These are examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons. We know this because they have only single bonds throughout the molecule. Can you draw the electron-dot diagram for each of these examples?
Check your notes when you are finished!