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Formula 1 Stays Cool!
Transcript of Formula 1 Stays Cool!
The aim of this project is to research how Formula 1 cars are designed to withstand the heat generated during a race and to be able to explain how the cars transfer the heat using the keys idea of particles and energy. Also I will include an image of the car with key features labelled.
In Formula 1 cars heat is generated in big amounts in small spaces of time and in a lot of areas. The main areas it generates in are the Engine, Gearbox, Exhaust system, Brake discs and the Tyres. It is generated here because these are the places with the most friction with the exception of the Engine which generates heat via Internal Combustion processes. Friction is where one surface or object encounters when moving over another and creates heat. It is important for this excess heat to be shed immediately so that all the components function properly.
The Energy Transfers
Formula 1 Cars are designed differently from our regular cars as they need to be able to quickly transfer the heat energy generated during a race. They do this using Conduction, Convection and Radiation. They adapt the Tyres, Pipes, Brake Discs and the Drivers Clothing in order to keep the cars as cool as possible so that they can function properly.
Transfers - How F1 Stays Cool
The Engine is the heart of the car and this happens to be where most heat is generated due to Internal Combustion. The car transfers this heat using a water layer surrounding the engine and the radiators on either side of the car, Convection. When the engine heats up so does the water and then its pushed round to the radiators where it is cooled and then travels back to the engine cooling it down as it does so, however, it then heats up again, therefore, creating a convection current.
Before a race the tyres will be covered with blankets which are good insulators, so preventing subsequent heat loss, demonstrating conduction and will only be taken off just before set off. Also the heated blankets transfer heat energy to spare tyres in the form of conduction and whilst
Maddie Whitefield 8b2
Design Of The Cars
In conclusion, I have researched about how Formula 1 cars stay cool and have found out that its all about conduction, convection and radiation. In the future I believe that this technology could be used elsewhere in everyday life, such as ovens and computers to help them cool down to be able to function properly.
Conduction is the process where heat or electricity is directly transmitted through the substance or material when there is a difference of temperature or electrical potential between two combined regions.
Radiation is the discharge of energy as electromagnetic waves, heat waves or as moving subatomic particles, especially high-energy particles which cause ionization, which is where an atom or molecule converts into an ion.
Convection is the movement caused within a fluid or gas by the tendency of hotter and less dense material to rise, and colder, denser material to sink under the influence of gravity, which results in transfer of heat.
5. Steering Wheel
6. Front Wing
7. Rear Wing
8. Exhaust System
9. Fuel Tank
10. Under Works
11. Body Work
12. Steering Column
13. Dash Board
16. Brake Discs
the tyres are in use they give off the heat which is classed as radiation.
Formula 1 car creators deliberately make the cars shiny, not
only to stand out but to also minimize the amount of
heat absorbed by radiation.
To mention a few.