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Spanish Culture Project

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by

Megan Emerick

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Spanish Culture Project

Spanish Culture Puerto Rico Colombia Peru Ecuador Overview Puerto Rico's first inhabitants were the Archiacs. They used stones and shells to make simple tools. The Spaniards permanently settled there in 1508. There is a blend of African, Spanish, and Taino culture. Religion Most of the people are Roman Catholics. Language In 1993, Spanish and English were declared the two official languages of Puerto Rico. However, Spanish is the main language spoken. Music The earliest rhythms of music were from the Taino. They made instruments out of tree trunks.
The national instrument is the cuatro. It is smaller than a guitar and has five strings.
In Puerto Rico, a well known dance and music is the Plena. It uses percussion instruments. Art Part of the art in Puerto Rico is wooden statues of saints. They are called Santos. Sports Baseball is one of the most popular sports in Puerto Rico. In fact, baseball is considered one of the top national sports. Golf, tennis, and surfing are also common. Cuisine Rice dishes are popular. Flan is also a popular dessert. It is a sweet egg custard.
Tropical fruits such as bananas, papayas, and guavas, are popular as well. Festivals and Holidays Puerto Ricans celebrate New Year's and Christmas.
On January 6, they celebrate Three King's Day. The children receive gifts that are said to be from the Three Wise Men. Red Stripes: The blood from the warriors who were brave enough to fight for them.

White Stripes: Individual liberty and rights

Blue Triangle: Stands for the Republican government and its three branches

White Star: The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Overview Colombia's constitution was passed in 1886. Historians have labeled Colombia as one of the most Spanish countries of South America. Religion Catholicism used to be the main religion, but the government and Roman Catholic leadership signed an agreement that ended Catholicism's status as the official religion of Colombia. Art Crafts and handmade weavings are popular. They weave baskets. Music Many of the dance rythms have African and Latin influence.
Stringed instuments are common. Sports One of the major sports in Colombia is soccer.
Hiking and mountain climbing is also popular, especially in the Andes.
There is also some scuba diving along the Caribbean Coast. Holidays and Festivals They celebrate Easter and Lent during Carnaval. Their Christmas season begins on December 7th. In honor of the Virgin Mary, Christians light candles. They also celebrate Independence day on July 20. Cuisine Many meals start with soup. Then after the soup, comes meat, chicken, or fish with vegetables and rice, beans, or pasta. Clothing They sew most of their own clothing. Bogota San Juan Although there is no official meaning of the colors, there are some theories. According to one of those theories,
Yellow: Richness of the land
Blue: The seas and shore
Red: Represents the blood that was shed for their freedom. How they became independent General Jose de San Martin entered Peru in 1820 with 4,500 men. He took over Lima and declared independence on July 28, 1821. Religion About 90% of the population belongs to the Catholic Church. Most indigenous peoples blend ancient customs with their Catholic beliefs. Language The official languages are Spanish and Quechua. Quechua is the language of many indigenous people. Quechua is most commonly used in rural areas. Music A very popular music style is Saya. It involves flutes, panpipes, and stringed instruments.
A popular type of dancing is traditional folk dancing. It is performed at religious and harvest festivals. Cuatro Art Architecture is a big part of the culture. An example is Inca structures. They are made out of tightly packed stones. They don't even use anything to stick them together because of how tightly packed they are. Sports Soccer is a major sport in Peru. Soccer was brought to Peru by the Spanish hundreds of years ago. Volleyball is also popular. Cuisine Fruits and vegetables are a large part of the cuisine. Beef, pork, and goat meat are also part of their diet. Inca Kola is one of their drinks. It is a popular sweet soda made from various fruits. Festivals and Holidays One of the holidays that they celebrate is Holy Week or Semana Santa. It consists of Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Easter Sunday. The Day of the Peasant is celebrated on June 24. July 28 and 29 celebrates Peru's independence from Spain. All Saints Day is on November 1 to honor the dead. Red Stripes: The blood that was shed to gain their independence.
White Stripe: Peace
Cornacopia: Mineral riches
Llama and Tree: Flora and fauna. Lima How they became independent Ecuador won its independence in 1830. On May 24, 1822 Antonio Jose de Sucre won the Battle of Pichincha. This battle marks the official beginning of their independence. Language Spanish is the official language. It was brought to Ecuador by Spanish conquerors and colonists. Religion The official religion is Catholic. In Ecuador, nature is an important part of the religion. Festivals and Holidays Easter is the biggest holiday in Ecuador. They celebrate it by going to church, watching religious processions, and eating holiday meals.
Independence day is on May 24. They celebrate with parades.
They also have harvest festivals in September, like Otavalo’s Fiesta del Yamor which celebrates corn. It symbolizes generosity. Bullfighting, traditional dancing, and chilly swimming in San Pablo Lake are some of the ways to celebrate. Cuisine Soups and stews are common among the cuisine.
Many people consider fanesca the national dish. It is a stew made with onions, peanuts, rice, squash, beans, corn, and lentils. Art Religion influences their art. They paint and sculpt religious scenes and saints. They also create crafts like pottery, weavings, gold and silver work, wood carvings, and leather goods. Music Music in Ecuador often involves percussion instruments made out of items such as seed-filled gourds. They also blend folk music traditions with newer styles and create a new type of music. Sports Soccer is a major sport in Ecuador. Its national team took part in the World Cup in 2002 and 2006.
Glove Ball, called pelota de guante, is also popular. To play the game, they wear gloves that are attached to flat, wooden paddles. Then they hit a heavy rubber ball to each other. Yellow: Ecuador's natural wealth and agricultural abundance.
Blue: Stands for the sea and sky.
Red: Stands for courage.
Condor: Power and Strength.
Snow Capped Mountain: Is Chimborazo Volcano, Ecuador's highest peak.
River: Guayas River, means the beauty of its waters.
Ship: Means commerce trade and navigation.
Leaves: Represents victories. Quito Thank You As you can see, spanish culture is very diverse. For instance, Peru and Ecuador both have spanish culture, but Peru's has different holidays and rituals than Ecuador.
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