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President Fat Cat Garfield

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Autumn Reynolds

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of President Fat Cat Garfield

early in 1880 the Ohio legislature elected Garfield to the Senate to succeed John Sherman
then served as Sherman's campaign manager in the race for the Republican presidential nomination
then decided to run for president in the Republican nomination himself
on the 36th ballot, Garfield became the "dark horse" nominee
Garfield was the first President to campaign in more than one language (English and Spanish)
James Abram Garfield
the life of young kitten Garfield
Cat Daddy

Garfield
President
born November 19, 1831, in Orange Township, Ohio
fatherless at age 2
lived in poverty, drove canal boats at age 16 to try to make money
fell overboard and nearly died, caught a fever that made him return home
then decided to endure education as means of living
picked up the sport of billiards
doors leading to presidency of this
clever kitten
1862 at age 31 he successfully led a brigade at Middle Creek, Kentucky, against Confederate troops; became a brigadier general
1863 he was promoted major general of volunteers
later that year Ohioans elected him to Congress, representing Ohio's 19th Congressional District
Garfield repeatedly won re-election for 18 years, and became the leading Republican in the House
After the election, Garfield relocated to Washington and became a member of the Radical Republicans
in 1850 at age 18 Garfield experienced a religious conversion
was baptized into the denomination of his parents, the Disciples of Christ
Garfield in with the big cats
Garfield favored abolition
believed that the leaders of the rebellion had forfeited their constitutional rights
Republican Party: passed by voice vote; tariff, protectionist; strong federal power, “The Constitution of the United States is a supreme law, and not a mere contract”; civil service reform
Democratic Party: “Free trade” policy to lower tariffs; revenue only tariff; decentralization of the federal government; increased local government; civil service reform; end Chinese immigration; Presidential election of 1876, “the great fraud”
Garfield kept a low profile during the campaign
1849 Garfield entered Geauga Academy in Chester, Ohio
In 1951 he entered Western Reserve Eclectic Institute, a Disciples of Christ school at Hiram, Ohio. where he began teaching and preaching
he had no patience with politics
after completing his studies, Garfield returned to the Eclectic Institute as an instructor and administrator
1858 Garfield married Lucretia Rudolph, a former student; they ultimately had seven children
1859, Garfield began to study law and began to embark on a career in politics
He was elected to the Ohio State Senate in 1859 as well, serving until 1861
education cat-nections
campaign issues kinda
#20 represent
won popular vote by 9,070
won electoral vote by 59
to this day closest popular vote election in history
predecessor Rutherford B. Hayes
Chester A. Arthur followed him
the presidency of Big Cat Garfield
tried to put together a cabinet that would appease all factions of the Republican Party
he felt in high demand of the office seekers of the patronage system and one point exclaimed “My God, what is there in this place [of presidency] that a man should ever want to get into it!”
the only other significant development of Garfield’s term was the Star Route Scandal
involved the fraudulent dispersal of postal route contracts
he said “Go ahead regardless of where or whom you hit,” Garfield told investigators. “I direct you not only to probe this ulcer to the bottom, but to cut it out.”
despite such strong talk, Grant accused Garfield of having “the backbone of an angleworm.”
2nd shortest term ever served as president
in foreign affairs Garfield's Secretary of State invited all American republics to a conference to meet in Washington in 1882
the conference never took place
on July 2, 1881 in a Washington railroad station, an embittered attorney who had sought a consular position shot the President
mortally wounded, Garfield lay in the White House for weeks
doctors could not locate the bullet inside of his body
On September 6, Garfield was taken to the New Jersey seaside
for a few days he seemed to be recuperating
Monday, September 19, 1881, at 10:20 p.m. President Garfield suffered a massive heart attack and a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm, following blood poisoning and bronchial pneumonia
Garfield's chief doctor, Dr. Doctor Willard Bliss, had unsuccessfully attempted to revive the fading President with restorative medication
Mrs. Garfield, having leaned over Garfield, kissed his brow and exclaimed, "Oh! Why am I made to suffer this cruel wrong?
Garfield was pronounced dead at 10:35 p.m.
the wounded President died exactly two months before his 50th birthday, the second youngest age of death for a U.S. president
the 80 days between his shooting and death, his only official act was to sign an extradition paper
His final words: "My work is done."
Garfield served a total of 200 days in the Presidental office
on his deathbed
some historians and medical experts say Garfield might have survived his wounds if the doctors attending him had at their disposal today's medical research, techniques, and equipment
several of his doctors inserted their unsterilized fingers into the wound to probe for the bullet, a common practice in the 1880s
Guiteau was formally indicted on October 14, 1881, for the murder of the President
though his counsel argued the insanity defense, due to his odd character, the jury found him guilty on January 5, 1882 and he was sentenced to death
Guiteau was executed by hanging on June 30, 1882
bibliography
http://www.biography.com/people/james-garfield-9306645?page=2
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~smason/html/garfield.htm
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesgarfield
http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/chron/civilwarnotes/garfield.html
http://presidentialcampaignselectionsreference.wordpress.com/overviews/19th-century/1880-overview/
http://www.history.com/topics/james-a-garfield
presidents
George Washington (1789-1797)
John Adams (1797-1801)
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1817)
James Madison (1809-1817)
James Monroe (1817-1825)
John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)
Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)
Martin Van Buren (1837-1841)
William Henry Harrison (1841)
John Tyler (1841-1845)
James K. Polk (1845-1849)
Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)
Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)
Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)
James Buchanan (1857-1861)
Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)
Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)
Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877)
Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)
James A. Garfield (1881)
Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885)
Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)
Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)
)Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)
William McKinley (1897-1901)
Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)
William H. Taft (1909-1913)
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Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)
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John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)
Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969)
Richard M. Nixon (1969-1974)
Gerald R. Ford (1974-1977)
Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)
Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
George Bush (1989-1993)
William J. Clinton (1993-2001)
George W. Bush (2001-2009)
Barack Obama (2009-)
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