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Egg Incubation System
Transcript of Egg Incubation System
PROJECT 2: Egg Incubation system NAME : SURESH A/L JAYASEELAN
ID : SN085817
SUPERVISOR : Dr. SALMAN YUSSOF Problem Statement Requires many conditions for egg incubation process:
Temperature, humidity, egg turner and air ventilation.
Need higher level user’s supervision for natural egg incubation.
Not all incubators are fully automatic. Benefits Save time of people.
Incubate the eggs more efficiently than the natural way. Flow chart is used to show research methodology.
This project is based on the embedded system.
The software design require simple algorithm -consist of simple instructions. System Design Casing - Plastic Container Box High durable.
Good heat insulator.
High Mobility. THANK
YOU To develop an embedded system that can automate the process of managing the incubation of quail egg.
To minimize user intervention during the egg hatching period.
To conduct an experiment to prove the effectiveness of the system by providing optimum conditions needed by the incubation process. Incubating Conditions: AC Motor : Galanz SM-16E (Egg turner) Circuit Diagram Objective Temperature, Humidity, Ventilation, Turning. Mechanical Design Mechanical Components
AC Motor. Electronic Design Electronical Components
Microcontroller. Software Design Software Development Tool PIC Programming Tool. Low RPM.
Cheap. CCS - PIC C Compiler (PWHCD) Electronical Components Bulb (Heat Source) - Philips 15 watt light bulb 4 units required- provides gradual temperature rise.
Cheaper. Cooler Fan (Humidity Control)
H.I PC Cooling Fan Longer Hour Operating.Higher RPM.Big Air Flow.
Temperature Sensor - LM35DZ Calibrated directly in ° Celsius (Centigrade).
Rated for full −55° to +150°C Range.
Operates from 4 to 30 Volts.
Low self-heating, 0.08°C in still air. Humidity sensor – HR202 Low power consumption.
Microcontroller - PIC16F887 Easy to program.
Exclusively built for PIC microcontroller unit.
Most optimized compiler for Microchip parts.
Has many library of built-in functions, preprocessor commands, and ready-to runexample programs. System
functionalities Temperature Control System
Light bulb – heat source
Temperature sensor detects temperature values. Humidity Control System Egg Turning System DC motor will turn based on the timing programming.
Stops after 14th day.
Turn the eggs 4 times a day. Water – provide humidity condition.
Cooler fan will assist the humidity process.
Humidity sensor detects temperature values. Master Control System
PIC16F887 microcontroller - brain of the system.
Controls the three systems all together.
Conditions are programmed. Physical Design Schematic Diagram Experiment Experiment was carried on with 15 japanese quail eggs on consecutively 18 days. Results: Chicks was started to hatch on 17th day.
15 eggs was successfully hatched.
12 healthy chicks and 3 disabled chicks. Demo Session Can accommodate 15 quail eggs. User friendly, anyone can use. (Plug and Play). Egg Incubators A device simulating avian incubation by keeping eggs warm and in the correct humidity, and if needed to turn them, to hatch them. First hatching Fully hatched In the coop First day of incubation Incubate the japanese quail eggs automatically.
Turn on light until reach 37.5 C.
Turn on fan until reach 210 ADC (60RH).
Turn on turner motor 4 times a day.
Stop the turner after reaching 14th day. Upper view Back view Side view Front view System algorithm flowcharts Actual values:
Temperature : 37.5C
Humidity : 210 ADC
Turning : 1 turn for every 6 hours Demo values:
Humidity : 135 ADC
Turning : 1 turn for 1 minutes