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Julia Goyco

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of prohibition

Prohibition Prohibition Documentary What lead to Prohibition? The Women's Christian Temperance Movement wanted to ban alcohol production, distribution, and consumption. The Temperance Movement was founded by activists women whose goals were prohibition, prison reform,child labor laws, and women's suffrage. On January 16th 1919, the 18th amendment was ratified and put into effect. The amendment banned the manufacturing, sale, and importation of all intoxicating liquors. The Volstead Act banned the sale and distribution of alcohol. Temperance activists thought that banning alcohol would reduce alcoholism and crime. What is Prohibition?
Prohibition in the 1920's began as a reform measure pioneered by the Progressives. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party were looking for government solutions to social problems. The main goal of 1920's Prohibition was the ban on the manufacturing, sale, distribution and importation of alcohol. They wanted sober hard working men to increase production and in order to do this, they needed to get rid of alcohol. Organized Crime Bootleggers Effects of Prohibition The prohibition divided the country between dries and wets, those who supported or opposed the 18th amendment. Prohibition was unsuccessful because it failed to put a permanent ban on alcohol. The goal of prohibition was to decrease the amount of crime and decrease alcohol consumption and production. Prohibition increased the amount of crime in the 1920s and there was a greater amount of alcohol consumed during the 1920s then there was prior. Eventually, the 21st amendment repealed the 18th amendment and gave states the right to determine alcohol laws. Alcohol to this day, continues to be prominent in the American society. The National Prohibition Act did not sit well with the general public. Many men smuggled alcohol and sold it illegally. These men were known as bootleggers. Bootlegging was the poor mans way to become rich.When the selling of liquor was put to an end, there was a demand for an illicit supply. The earliest bootleggers began smuggling foreign-made liquor into the United States from across the Canadian and Mexican borders and along the seacoasts from ships under foreign registry. Some of their main sources of supply were from the Bahamas, Cuba, and the French islands of St. Pierre off the southern coast of Newfoundland. Bootleggers had other sources of supply. Millions of bottles of “medical” whiskey were sold across drugstore counters on real or forged prescriptions. Bootleggers also bottled their own concoctions of liquor, and by the late 1920s stills making liquor from corn had become major suppliers Bibliography Kyvig, David E."Volstead Act." World Book Advanced. World Book,2013 "National Party Platforms-- Prohibition Party Platforms of 1896." National Party Platforms. world book Advanced. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. "National Party Platforms-- Prohibition Party Platform of 1920. "National Party Platforms. World Book Advanced. Web. 24. Jan. 2013 "crime" American History. ABC-CLIO, 23 Web. Jan 2013 Stockdale, Nancy. "Temperance Movement: The Temperance Movement's Limited Success." American History.ABC-CLIO, Web. 23 Jan. 2013. "Bootlegging (American History). Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. Jan. 2013. The speakeasy got its name because you had to whisper a code word or name through a slot to gain admittance. In New York City there were 30,00 speakeasies. Speakeasies Speakeasies were illegal establishments that served beer, wine and alcohol during Prohibition. Within the walls of the speakeasies, a new culture arose. Women smoked cigarettes and drank. Federal law enforcement had a full time job finding and busting speakeasies but they could never keep up. Rum Runners A rum runner was a bootlegger, but more specifically refers to the person who brought the prohibited liquor across the border or ashore. Rum runners were great sailors and hard to catch. When the Coast Guard got too close, rum runners would simply find other routes. They often managed to stay one step ahead of the law.
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