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Les adjectifs

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by

Alex Wood

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Les adjectifs

Adjectives
the adjective almost always goes after the noun which it describes.
But sometimes it also depends on the meaning
ma chère Carole - dear
un cadeau cher - expensive
add
-s
to the singular form to get the plural form (if it doesn't already end in -s).
add
-e
to the masculine form to get the feminine form (if it doesn't already end in -e)
un livre vert
How to form?
More Irregular Adjectives!
Where does it go?
depends on the noun it describes
the gender (whether the noun is masculine or feminine)
the number (whether it is singular or plural)
des livres verts
un livre rouge
une voiture rouge
un garçon français
des garçons français
ancien mari - former, ex-
statue ancienne - old
propre idée - own
nappe propre - clean
grand homme - great
homme grand - tall
amusant intéressant
bête intelligent
méchant sympatique
timide
grand
petit
jeune
laid
sincère
mauvais
1. Write the female version of these adjectives
2. In parentheses, write what you think these adjectives mean
Colors
Blanc
Vert
Noir

Gris
Bleu

Marron
Jaune

Orange
Rose
Exceptions! (gender)
If the ajective ends in:
N or L

F

C

eur

eux
double, add "e"

change to v, add "e"

add "he"

change r to s, add "e"

change x to s, add "e"
Exception! (plural)
If the adjective ends in "al":
replace with "aux"
1. Change the following adjectives to feminine and plural
2. Change the feminine adjectives to plural
3. In parentheses, write what you think the adjective means
cher
personnel
bon
complet
blanc
flatteur
idéal
B
A
N
G
S
eauty

ge

umber

oodness

ize
(beau, laid)

(jeune, vieux)

(premier, deuxième)

(bon, mauvais)

(petit, grand)
These adjectives go before the noun.
Find this information:
p. 162-163
p. 165
p. 166
p. 172

une voiture verte
des voitures vertes
Les règles (the rules)
change
-eux
(m/pl) to
-euse(s)
(f/fp)
change
-al
(m) to
-aux
(pl)
change
-al/aux
to
-ale(s)
(f/fp)
change
-if(s)
(m/mpl) to
-ive(s)
(f/fpl)
key: m=masculine, f=feminine, pl=plural
change
-el(s)
(m/mpl) to
-elles
(f/fpl)
change
-on(s)
(m/mpl) to -onne(s)
(f/fpl)
change
-en(s)
(m/mpl) to
-enne(s)
(f/fpl)
Il est sérieux
Elles est sérieuse
Ils sont sérieux
Elles sont sérieuses
un enfant amical
une fille amicale
des enfants amicaux
des filles amicales
Pierre est actif
Lucie est active
un événement formel
une fête formelle
un bon sandwich
une bonne blague
Tu es canadien?
Tu es canadienne?
Should I use "Il est" or "c'est"?
Il(s)/elle(s) est + adjective
C'est + name
Il est sympa
C'est un pamplemousse
c'est + article + noun
C'est Sandrine
c'est + article + noun + adjective
C'est un pamplemousse jaune
C'est + article + adjective + noun
C'est un gros pamplemousse
Full transcript