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Dutch Architecture


Sanne De Smet

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Dutch Architecture

Dutch Architecture
from 1900 until now
The five biggest movements

Influence World War

- De Amsterdamse School
- Het Nieuwe Bouwen
- De Stijl
- Het Organisch Bouwen
- Het Post Modernisme
- 14 May 1940 Rotterdam
- city centre was wiped out
- different townscape
- statue
- glass, synthetic materials and geometric design
- sustainable architecture
- energy efficient
- project in Ulft
- Rem Koolhaas
De Amsterdamse School/ The Amsterdam School
Het Nieuwe Bouwen/Modern Movement
De Stijl/The Style
Post Modernisme/Postmodernism
Organisch Bouwen/Organic Architecture
- reaction to the neostyles and Berlage
- "beauty first" requirement
- brick and natural stone
- large residential building projects
Building made by De Amsterdamse school
Beursgebouw in Amsterdam by Berlage
- things in common
- differences
- arose after World War I
- new possibilities because of the Industrial Revolution
- bright and open
- not one specific style
- Rotterdam
Van Nelle Fabric in Rotterdam 1925-1931
- open structure
- white
- brightness, air and space
Five biggest movements

Influence of World War II
Present-day Dutch architecture
- magazine "De Stijl"
- Gerrit Rietvel and Theo van Doesburg
- order
- red, blue and yellow
- primary colours
- glass
Rietveld-Schröder house 1924
- sustainability and viability
- natural materials
- outlook is very important
ING building in Amsterdam
- no square corners
- reliëf/different heights
- natural surroundings
- fall of the Berlin wall 1989
- different styles are combined
- unique
- asymmetry
- expressive use of colours
Present-day Dutch architecture
- "Wederopbouw".
- Quick, cheap mass production
Full transcript