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What is "Urban Planning"?
Transcript of What is "Urban Planning"?
"Planning, also called urban planning or city and regional planning, is a dynamic profession that works to improve the welfare of people and their communities by creating more convenient, equitable, healthful, efficient, and attractive places for present and future generations.
Planning enables civic leaders, businesses, and citizens to play a meaningful role in creating communities that enrich people's lives.
Good planning helps create communities that offer better choices for where and how people live. Planning helps communities to envision their future. It helps them find the right balance of new development and essential services, environmental protection, and innovative change. " - APA (www.planning .org)
What do "Planners" do?
Professional planners help create a broad vision for the community. They also research, design, and develop programs; lead public processes; effect social change; perform technical analyses; manage; and educate. Some planners focus on just some of these roles, such as transportation planning, but most will work at many kinds of planning throughout their careers.
hum...what exactly do they do?
Let's see what TED has to say about Urban Planning...
Attract jobs to communities
Balance transportation system
Sustainable sewer and water infrastructure
Attract investment in community
Modify land use policy
Collaborate with local institutions (schools, employers...etc)
Bring resource to community
Reduce energy need and plan for renewable resources
YES, you need to work with many people....
Types of Plans
A plan can take a variety of forms including: policy recommendations, community action plans, comprehensive plans, neighborhood plans, regulatory and incentive strategies, or historic preservation plans.
Other examples of plans include: redevelopment plans, smart growth strategies, economic development strategic plans, site plans, and disaster preparedness plans.
Some key points:
Population (age, income...)
Business & economy
Sewer and water
Supplies of energy
What does a typical day of a planner looks like?
Yup! you got pretty much everything
meeting & review
legislation, policy, guidelines
research & gather data
writing & presentation
take a guess!
Land Use & Code Enforcement
Environmental/Natural Resources Planning
Parks & Recreation
Here are some common ones!
What specializations are common in the planning profession?
Knowledge of urban spatial structure or physical design and the way in which cities work.
Ability to analyze demographic information to discern trends in population, employment, and health.
Knowledge of plan-making and project evaluation.
Mastery of techniques for involving a wide range of people in making decisions.
Understanding of local, state, and federal government programs and processes.
Understanding of the social and environmental impact of planning decisions on communities.
Ability to work with the public and articulate planning issues to a wide variety of audiences.
Ability to function as a mediator or facilitator when community interests conflict.
Understanding of the legal foundation for land use regulation.
Understanding of the interaction among the economy, transportation, health and human services, and land-use regulation.
Ability to solve problems using a balance of technical competence, creativity, and hardheaded pragmatism.
Ability to envision alternatives to the physical and social environments in which we live.
Mastery of geographic information systems and office software.
pretty much everything!
Does planning profession have "Ethical Standard"?
What skills do successful planner possess?
Please always keep in mind!
There are two standards set for ethical behavior in the field of planning. The first is a Code of Ethics binding on members of the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP). Certified planners are required to adhere to the AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, which identifies four core responsibilities incumbent upon certified planners:
• Planners' primary obligation is serving the public interest.
• Planners are responsible for diligently and competently performing work on behalf their client or employer.
• Planners are responsible for contributing to the development of the planning profession and their colleagues.
• Planners are responsible to themselves for high standards of professional integrity, proficiency and knowledge.
The second ethics standard applies to anyone participating in the planning process and is called APA's Ethical Principles in Planning. This includes elected and appointed officials, such as planning commissioners. It also applies to citizens and non-AICP certified planners. This standard is not binding; it is a set of guidelines. However, some planning commissions formally adopt the ethical principles to assist them with ethical public decision making.
"A day in the life of a Town Planner"
You might want to consider ....
Any Question so far?
Jason Ni, Ph.D.