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Great Zimbabwe Empire

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Nadene Paltep

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Great Zimbabwe Empire

women Men Great Zimbabwe Empire the civilization of great Zimbabwe was one of the most significant civilizations in the world during the medieval period. Resources Geography Economy of the Society *Anthropologist believed that the enclosure was the was the city's center and was occupied only by the elite. It was the dividing line between the rich and rest. Political and Social Structure *The first residents of Great Zimbabwe were Shona-speaking people who likely settled in this region as early as 350 AD and began building stone walls in the 1100's
*The word Zimbabwe means the House of Rock in Shona The Great Zimbabwe is located In modern day Zimbabwe east of the Kalahari dessert. The spot was beneficial for trade and other activity's. *By the year 1200 C.E., the city began to grow strong and was well known as an important trading and religious center
*The people of Great Zimbabwe most likely worshiped the supreme god, Mwari that controlled natural order
-Communicating to the gods was usually through a medium
*The Hill Complex was a sacred enclosure and housed the King
*Believed in their ancestors
*Religion united people and helped them cope with their difficulties http://archaeology.about.com/od/gterms/qt/Great-Zimbabwe.htm http://archaeology.about.com/od/africanironage/qt/african_iron_ag.htm Religion Great Zimbabwe covers an area about 78 acres of land and is believed that the city was built on a gold mine. Hello The placement of the Great Zimbabwe affected the way their society by good farms and good herding http://thenagain.info/Webchron/Africa/GreatZimbabwe.html http://www.ushistory.org/civ/7d.asp http://www.victoriafalls-guide.net/ancient-zimbabwe.html *The people were able to construct walls with granite blocks without the use of a mortar
-The walls were most likely built as an representation of symbolic of authority and was designed to preserve the privacy of royal families from the commoners
*The trading network made Great Zimbabwe one of the significant trading regions during the Medieval period
*The wealth of Great Zimbabwe lay in gold and cattle production
* They were able to use iron tools to help make tasks easier. Great Zimbabwe is still a mystery today. They had no written language and their oral history is extinct. They left behind a stone city which we could explore. One of the amazing aspects of Great Zimbabwe is that it housed around 20,00 people in elliptical building in mud huts Achievements http://www.manuampim.com/ZIMBABWE.html *worked the small holdings in communal areas *worked the small holdings in communal areas
*predominate as civil servants *gardening, baking and raising poultry, to supplement household *responsible for domestic work Culture * The Shona people did rituals for their ancestors *didn't move much, so they could focus on the surroundings *most servants were slaves in the mass building of Great Zimbabwe. The slaves were not treated well *rich upper class ate meat *cattle separated the lower and the upper classes *lived off of livestock *did not have a written language or oral traditions *marrying someone in a lower or higher class was unacceptable http://molliedoornbos.blogspot.com/ Valley Ruins Hill Complex Great Enclosure *the site was generally divided into 3 main areas *believed that the Hill Complex was the spiritual and religious center of the city *oldest part of the site *the Great Enclosure is the largest single ancient structure in sub-Saharan Africa *located in between the Great Enclosure and the Hill Complex *includes a large number of mounds and remains of daga buildings http://www.britannica.com/blackhistory/article-9078375 *Where did everyone else live? They lived in mud huts surrounding the enclosure. Although the huts were not quite as glamorous as the granite "palaces", they were all constructed. the great Zimbabwe mainly traded gold,and ivory
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