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canadian shield

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olivia harvey

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of canadian shield

The Canadian Shield Where Is It? vegetation Wildlife vegetation vegetation The vegetation in the Canadian Shield region is very different than the rest of Canada. The plants that live there are mostly trees, because they are more suited to the thin and sandy soil. The types of trees are a mix of coniferous and deciduous trees. It is all mixed in the southern part of the region. The forests are mixed with birch trees, aspen trees, tamarack trees, black and white spruce trees, willow trees, hemlock trees, pine trees and balsam fir trees. Because of the fact that the Canadian Shield is mostly rock, not much else can grow there, especially north of the tree line. bibliography Wildlife that migrates to and from the Shield, have to because of climate. Climate
Since the Canadian Shield is so large the climate varies. In the south parts of the Canadian Shield, like southern Ontario, the climate is seasonal. In the winter the average temperature is about –18 degrees Celsius and in the summer it is about +25 degrees Celsius.The south has about 15 hours of daylight in the summer and 8.5 hours in the winter. The average temperature in the north part of the Canadian Shield is about –35 in the winter and about +15 in the summer. In the winter the north only has about 5.5 hours of daylight. In the summer the northern part has 18.5 hours of daylight everyday. Some animals live year-round in the Canadian Shield, but some migrate to and from the Shield throughout the year. The Peregrine Falcon The Arctic Fox A bird of prey, it can live in places from the arctic to the tropics. Animals that live here all year have to be able to handle the cold of the winter. Living in the extreme cold, it has thick fur to keep it warm. The fox's fur also camouflages it in the snow away from the eyes of predators. The Monarch Butterfly http://shipoffools.wikia.com/wiki/User:Arctic-Fox http://www.lloydspitalnikphotos.com/v/birds_of_prey/peregrine_falcon/peregrine_falcon_F5R7995.jpg.html http://www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/shield/canadianshield.html http://www.treknature.com/gallery/photo41892.htm http://www.pgphotoclub.com/gallery_nsc07f.htm Monarch butterflies migrate from Canada to Mexico in the winter because it gets too cold to live there. Topography http://geography.ridley.on.ca/CGC1D/Students/Prairies2/Prairies_Landforms.html http://www.canadafishing.ca/sscinclude/acloserlook.cfm/id/16261 The Canadian Shield is located in eastern and central Canada, stretching north from the Great Lakes to the Arctic Ocean, covering over half of Canada, it also extends south into the northern reaches of the United States. It consists of 5 smaller physiographic provinces, the Laurentian Upland, Kazan, Davis, Hudson, and James, extending into USA as the Adirondack Mountains and the Superior Upland. http://option.canada.pagesperso-orange.fr/lakes.htm "Canadian Shield." Canadian Shield. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://projects.cbe.ab.ca/ict/2learn/kdwajda/canada/studentwork/shield.htm>. "THE CANADIAN SHiELD." THE CANADIAN SHiELD. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://the-canadian-shield.blogspot.ca/2006/06/canadian-shield.html>. "Canadian Shield." Canadian Shield. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://projects.cbe.ab.ca/ict/2learn/kdwajda/alberta/studentwork/shield.htm>. "Common Menu Bar Links." Parks Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/docs/v-g/nation/sec3/nation44.aspx>. "Arctic Fox." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Sept. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_fox>. "Peregrine Falcon." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Sept. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peregrine_Falcon>. Cranny, Michael. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. N.p.: Prentice Hall, n.d. Print. Extra Facts on the Canadian Shield Glaciers that passed through this region long ago scraped away at the land, carrying debris with it. This debris blocked and redirected rivers, creating more rivers, lakes, bogs and swamps.
The Canadian Shield also consists of volcanic mountains that were levelled by erosion. -The Canadian Shield was formed over 2 billion years ago. Hudson and James Bay are lowland areas that are covered in clay. Most rivers in the Canadian Shield flow into the two bays. -The Canadian Shield is is full of minerals, its full of diamond, nickel, gold, silver and copper. -The Canadian Shield is covered in metamorphic rocks, combined with a thin layer of soil that forms areas in which earthquakes and other earth movements are impossible. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Longue_Pointe_at_James_Bay_-_with_Hudson_Bay_in_Background.jpg -The two main occupations in this region are logging and mining. -The five main recreational activities in the Canadian shield are boating, dog sled riding, fishing, hunting and cross country skiing. "Canadian Shield." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Sept. 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Shield>. "Welcome, Tourist To The Canadian Shield." N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://projects.cbe.ab.ca/ict/2learn/jwfech/geography/north/canadian_shield/Canadian%20Shield%20Notes.htm>.
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