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Adeena Qudrat

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Dreams

History of Dreams
Ancient History
Sumerians in Mesopotamia left evidence of dreaming dating back to 3100 BC
In Egypt, as far back as 2000 BC, Egyptians wrote down their dreams on papyrus
History of Dreams
Classical History
In China, people came up with the definition of dreams
In Greece,people believed in the Egyptian theory
Aristotle and Plato developed the drive related hypothesis
Dreams; a way to act out unconscious desires in an unreal setting
States of Dreaming
REM (Rapid Eye Movement)
When a person is dreaming, the eyes shift rapidly
Eye movement corresponds to the direction the dreamer looks at in the dream scape
Is also characterized low muscle tone throughout the body and the propensity of the sleeper to dream vividly
5 stages
Why We Dream: Psychological Perspective
Sigmund Freud
When you are awake the impulses and desires of the id are suppressed by the superego
Through your dreams,you are able to get a glimpse into your unconscious/id
Conscious expresses the hidden desire of the id
How We Dream:
Anthropological Perspective
Dreams often reflect the real world and depend on the society you are growing up in
In war Countries (Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan)- Dreams are more about war
Western Countries- Dreams are softer and more peaceful
People with a poor family life have dreams with more violence and pain and vice versa
What is a Dream?
A succession of images, ideas,emotions and sensations that occur in the mind during sleep
The content and purpose of dreams are not definitively understood
The average person has about 3-7 dreams/night
60% of the population forget their dreams upon waking up
How We Dream:
Sociological Perspective
Fun Facts
Works Cited
Why We Dream:
Psychological Perspective
Carl Jung
Dreams are not attempts to conceal your true feelings from the waking mind but rather they are a window to the unconscious
They serve to guide the waking self to achieve wholeness and offer a solution to a problem you are facing in your waking life
Cultural backround tends to influence one's dreams
People with African American backgrounds have more dreams of being discriminated against; as opposed to caucasians
People with more religious backgrounds have dreams associated with their spiritual belief, while those with less religious backgrounds do not
How to tell if your dreaming (during a nightmare)
If you can't tell the time in your dream; you know your dreaming
If you look at your hand and you don't have the right amount of fingers; your dreaming
The most common dream reported is of falling
In our dreams, we only see the faces of people we know in real life
12% of the entire population dream in only black and white
Animals dream too
Dream Incorporation
You can incorporate real sounds that you hear into your dream
Men and women dream differently
If you're snoring you can't be dreaming
States of Dreaming
Lucid Dreaming
Phenomena in which an individual is aware they are dreaming and can (with practice) control their dreams
State between being awake and being asleep
Objects disappear after waking
Physical laws do not apply
Dreamer has clear memory of the waking world
States of Dreaming
False Awakening
One dreams of having woken up
The room the dreamer wakes up in is the same room he/she fell asleep in
They think they are no longer dreaming and start their morning routine
The dreamer remains naive to still being asleep until they actually wake
States of Dreaming
Sleep Paralysis
The body paralyzes itself as a protection mechanism to prevent the movements that occur in the dream from causing the physical body to move
Can be triggered before, during or after the brain awakens
State where awakened sleeper feels paralyzed
Hypnagogic Hallucinations may occur, especially auditory ones
Effects Include:
Inability to move muscles
Rushing/pulsating noises
Brief hypnagogic imagery
States of Dreaming
Out-of-Body Experience
An experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside one's body
1/10 people claim to have experienced this phenomena
Neurologists suggest the part of the brain that causes lucid dreaming is the same that causes out-of-body experience
Dream Interpretation
Being Chased
Indicates that you are steering clear of a circumstance that you feel cannot be overcome
You have been incresingly stressed due to recent failure in your life (school, work, relationship)
Being Cheated on
You have anxieties about being neglected/deserted
You have been free or liberated from something that has previously held you down
Dream Interpretation
Death of a Loved One
You are missing certain traits that person once posessed
Naked in Public
You have a fear of exposure and wrong opinions
Teeth Falling Out
Teeth symbolize our connection to society; teeth falling out means your having trouble making connections with people
American Anthropologist. (2009,
October 28). Retrieved May 25, 2015.

Aserokin. (2011, January 13). The
History and Meaning of Dreams in Ancient Cultures. Retrieved May 25, 2015.

Dream Moods: Dream Theories:
Sigmund Freud. (2014, June 2). Retrieved May 25, 2015.

Edgar, I. (n.d.). Anthropology
and The Dream. Retrieved May 25, 2015.

In Your Dreams. (n.d.). Retrieved
May 25, 2015.

Kaita, C. (n.d.). How do we dream?
Retrieved May 25, 2015.

Van Der Linden, S. (2011, July
26). The Science Behind Dreaming. Retrieved May 25, 2015.

Discussion Questions
1.To what extent do you think culture and society affect our dreams?

2.Have you ever experienced one of the states of dreaming? If so, what happened?

3.Do you think that dreams have any significance or hidden meanings relating to your real life?
Full transcript