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Unit 12 - Task 1

Public health
by

Lucy Smith

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Unit 12 - Task 1

Task 1 P2 Key advances in UK public health. 1834 THE POOR LAW 1860 The national public health
act 1858 John snow & the broad street pump 1866 John Snow and the sanitary act 19TH CENTURY 20TH CENTURY 1942 Beveridge report National health service 1998 Acheson Report 1999 Saving lives; Our healthier nation 21ST CENTURY 2004 Making healthy choices easier Health protection agency Lucy Smith 1946 The poor law; the law stated that each parish had to look after the poor people within there parish. If they were unable to work then they received money which was used to help them survive. However the cost of the poor law was increasing every year by 1830 it cost £7 million. The money was being raised by taxes on middle and upper class people, they were complaining that the money was being spent on lazy people that didnt want to work. Many people were also criticizing the law saying that the allowance systems made the situation worse because they encouraged poor people to have children that they could not afford to look after so they received more money. John snow wanted to stop the spread of cholera in London, so he plotted all the cases of the disease on a map to find which water pump was causing everyone to become ill.
When he identified the cause of the infection so he went and removed the handle of the broad street pump which halted the outbreak of cholera in Soho, London. John Simon was the first 'founding father' of public health. He was the one that helped each town get sewage systems installed. In 1866 the sanitary act placed a duty of inspection on local authorities. After the second world war, there was a strong feeling that all british people should be rewarded for their sacrifice and resolution. When William Beveridge published his report on the situation it was agreed with the government that people of working age would pay a weekly fee which would be payed to those who are unable to work. The labor government created the NHS based on the proposals of the bereridge report. The original structure of the NHS had three arms.
1. Hospital services.
2. Primary care.
3. Community services. Donald Acheson was asked to review inequalities in health in England. The three areas below were ares that Donald identified as crucial to his process.
1. All policies likely to have an impact on health should be evaluated in terms of their impact on health inequality.
2. A high priority should be given to health of families with children,
3. Further steps should be taken to reduce income inequalities and improve the living standereds of poor households. Shortly after the labor government came in power they released a health strategy. The aim of it was to tackle the root causes of ill health, it focused on the main killers like cancer and mental health illness. The main priorities of this approach were to;
1. Reduce the number of people that smoke.
2. Reduce obesity and improve diet.
3. increase exercise.
4. Support sensible drinking.
5. Improve sexual health.
6. Improve mental health.
The NHS would become a modal to society as an employer and deliver key trained messages to public on health issues. Communities had to work with local transport to provide travel plans for children and young people. The HPA are an independent organization that are dedicated to protecting peoples health in the UK. The HPA;
1. Provide impartial expert advice on specialist health protection services.
2. Identifies and responds to health hazards that may be caused that may be infectious diseases.
3. Prepares for emerging threats.
4. Improves health protection knowledge through research and development during training sessions.
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