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Niccolo Machiavelli

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Jacob Haskins

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Niccolo Machiavelli

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469- 1527) "The Prince" In 1513, Machiavelli dedicated a leaflet called "The Prince" to Lorenzo de Medici. The Medicis, however, did not appreciate the leaflet . The adjective “Machiavellian” became a pejorative to describe a politician who manipulates others in an opportunistic and deceptive way. Military affairs were a continuing preoccupation of Machiavelli’s. Not only was the famous militia ordinance of 1506 his, but also the responsibility for implementing it, in the capacity of secretary of the specially constituted Nine of the Militia. Machiavelli and Military Quick fun fact about Niccolo Machiavelli In the video game, Assassin's Creed, Niccolo Machiavelli is a character. It's a shame what people do to history. :( RANDOM PICTURE!!!!!!! Machiavelli also wrote the plays Mandragolla and Clizia. Machiavelli also wrote poetry and carnival songs, but he still wrote many political works. Important amongst these are his Discourses upon the First Decade of Titus Livius and The History of Florence. Other Works by Machiavelli Fact 1 Fact 2 Fact 3 Fact 4 Weird Fact of the Day Niccolo had a brother named Totto Niccolo's parents always yelled at Totto for peeing on the rug Fact 5 Machiavelli Coat of Arms The Machiavelli coat of arms consisted of a blue cross in a silver field, and a blue nail at each of the four corners Fact 6 ➢ Niccolo Machiavelli’s father recorded some information on Niccolo’s education in his Libro di Ricordi. On May 6, 1476, Niccolo’s father recorded that Niccolo had began to study Latin using the textbook, the “Donatello”. Niccolo was only seven years old! Niccolo Machiavelli's Education Fact 7 ➢ Some of Niccolo Machiavelli’s poems were published in a volume illustrated by Sandro Botticelli. Another poet in the book was Lorenzo de Medici, the ruler of Florence at the time. Fact 8 Niccolo Machiavelli became the Secretary of the Second Chancery of the Florentine Republic in 1498. This arm of the government dealt mainly with internal affairs. Niccolo Machiavelli in the Government Fact 9 In 1502, Machiavelli was made the assistant of Florence’s governing head of the republic, Piero Soderini Machiavelli Moves Up in Government Fact 10 In 1512 Spanish invaded Florence and in the ensuing unrest and instability, the de Medici family re-established its ascendancy there. Soderini was deposed, and Machiavelli lost his position. Machiavelli was even jailed and tortured. Machiavelli Goes Down Fact 11 Fortunately, the de Medicis stopped short of actually executing him, and he was banished to his country estate in Percussina, near San Casciano, where he lived with his wife, children, and nephew Giovanni Vernacci. Machiavelli was remembered for most of the writing he did when he was in Percussina. In 1520, Cardinal Guilio de Medici (who became Pope Clement VII) appointed Niccolo Machiavelli official historian of the Florentine Republic. Once again he was a civil servant, if a minor one. Machiavelli Rises Again Fact 12 Although Niccolo Machiavelli was not born into the nobility, he belonged to a respectable middle-class family with a long holding an entrenched place in Florentine society. Family Fact 13 Machiavelli’s Dell'arte della guerra (The Art of War), written between 1519 and 1520, continues with many of his “republican” ideas. In this work, the only political work published during his lifetime, he essentially gives instructions on how to acquire and maintain military force and argues that the liberty of a state (and of its citizens) requires the military preparedness of the citizens The Art of War Fact 14 Niccolo Machiavelli strongly believed in the capacity and responsibility of men towards their own destiny and was consequently greatly distrustful of the common mercenary armies. Instead, Niccolo Machiavelli advocated for a citizen-militia evidenced by him in the Roman army Fact 15 ➢ Niccolo Machiavelli died the same year the de Medicis lost power for the second time. Coincidence or Not? Thanks for watching! Hopefully you took good notes, or else this guy will come find you
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