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Copy of Copy of asf

af
by

Finn Danielsen

on 14 November 2011

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of asf

Community monitoring can…

Document local knowledge

Encourage local discussion

Shorten the time
from observation to decision





Does not replace scientist monitoring

Helps pinpoint species or areas in need of attention
Double click anywhere & add an idea
Added value?
Challenges
Community-based monitoring:
an important tool for management

Experiences
World
Community
Individual
Nation
The local people
themselves


Sustainable livelihoods
Sustainable use of biodiversity



Strengthen the dialogue
between communities and the government

Opportunity for our insights to be used
Characteristics
Quality
Literature study of published natural resource monitoring schemes

Many
different
types
of local involvement
Scale of decision-making and
implementation time differ
If communities are properly trained and supervised, their results are not in any way inferior or less reliable than the scientists' results
Trends over time

Birds, mammals and resource harvest

White: community
Shaded: scientists
Not really any
but takes time and effort to get started...
Need networking
Very keen on establishing network w like-minded
management-oriented, forward-looking initiatives
"It shows them that this forest
belongs to us"
Community monitoring not
in the text books of biologists
Capacity-building needed among gov't staff
and community-based organisations
Some scientists remain sceptical
Need further rigorous validations and documentation
Few and isolated initiatives so far
Opening Doors
to Native Knowledge

Greenland Example
If local people are committed and trained in the methods of natural resource monitoring, their results are not in any way inferior or less reliable
Finn Danielsen

The Monitoring Matters Network
= an international network
of researchers and practicioners

www.monitoringmatters.org
Without involvement of local people:
the monitoring may sometimes be
isolated, academic exercises
with little impacts in the 'real' world
The members compile data on the species and resource uses
during field visits
The proposed management decisions and the supporting data are forwarded to the government
Every 3-month the data are summarized, discussed and analyzed
Possible management interventions are discussed
STEPS

The Village Committees established
Local Natural Resource Councils

Comprised of hunters and fishers
and other with environment interest
The council decides which species and resource uses should be monitored
Government
5-12 hunters
annual village meeting
Local Natural
Resource Council
Decisions at national level
Decisions at municipal level
Municipality
Village Board
Data:
Shrimp trawlers in shallow sea area
4-5 trawlers every day, Apr-May 2010

Observation:
Same as 2009, more than before

Issue:
Degradation of the seafloor might
affect Atlantic Wolf-Fish

Recommendation:
Restrict the size of vessels in the area
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
How are the data used?
Data:
Records of Canada Goose

Observation:
Increased numbers

Issue:
Canada Goose may
outcompete Greenland White-fronted Goose

Recommendation:
Expand allowed hunting period by 2 weeks





Basic raw data:

Field forms with

- species/resource use
- quantity
- place
- time







Cost low
Possible to sustain

Present all year round

Qujanaq
More information
Department of Hunting, Fisheries and Agriculture
www.pisuna.org
www.monitoringmatters.org
Data managers:
n = 104 monitoring schemes
J. Appl. Ecol. 2010
Decision-making from environmental monitoring
Participation boosts
action
n = 156 interventions Ambio 2007
Augustinus 'Aggu' Olsen
Jens Bagger

Dept Fisheries, Hunting and Agriculture Nuuk
Akunnaaq
Meeting in
Akunnaaq Natural Resource Council
Pilot in 3 communities in North West Greenland
Relative successful
1. Increased the loc
al capacity to document resources
2. Enhanced the local engagement in management of resources
3. Encouraged 'adaptive' management
4. Strengthened the dialogue

But...
Challenge to manage
shared populations
Municipal
government
is very slow
Sometimes interference of
political interests
Purpose
Pilot test community
based documentation
and management
of living resources
in Greenland
Akunnaaq Greenland
Externally driven with
local data collectors
'citizen science'
Scientist-executed
monitoring
Autonomous local monitoring
Collaborative monitoring with
local data interpretation

Cons. Biol. 23:31 (2009)
'Tree' of natural resource
monitoring schemes

Rapid environmental changes
impacting the local livelihoods
Local interpretation is
prompted by the filling-in of a form
Species?

Greenland Halibut
Month?
Sept. 2011
Area?
Sea off Akunnaaq
No of fishing days?
12
Fishing gear?
Dinghy
Fishing effort and catch?
No data this month
Trend (vs. same time last year)?
Increase
Importance of finding?
Very important
Possible explanation?
Population increase?
Proposed action?
None for the time being
n = 35 sites, 4 countries, 3 years
Full transcript