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Canadian and American Relations
Transcript of Canadian and American Relations
Sought closer ties with US
President Ronald Reagan
1987) Free Trade Agreement: Removed Tariffs on many goods crossing the border.
(1985) Eliminated FIRA and "opened" Canada
1973 Foreign Investment Review Agency (FIRA):
- Protected important Canadian industries from foreign takeover.
1968: Foreign policy: Wanted to be less dependent on US
1970 & 1976 Recognised the Communist Chinese government & visited Communist Cuba against US wishes.
1972 Nuclear warheads removed from BOMARC Missiles. All nuclear material in Canada gone by 1984.
Pierre Trudeau 1968 - 84
1992) NAFTA: Expanded Free Trade to include Mexico. Many feared Canada would lose thousands of jobs to Mexico - never really happened to a devastating effect.
Post World War II
1950s: Television exposed Canadians to American culture in an unprecedented way.
1) Strengthening the National Film Board
2) TV should be used for national communication CBC was already a radio, now it would be TV.
1968: Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission
To make regulate foreign content and require Canadian content.
By 1956, 68% of Oil Industry in Canada is US owned; 88% by 1967.
Positives: Branch plants = good jobs & new technologies introduced to Canada
Negatives: Profits from branch plants went to HQ in the US.
(1985) "No" to STAR WARS defense shield against the Soviets
Also, Canada loses control of its economy.