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Education in the 1930's
Transcript of Education in the 1930's
By Angie Qualls, Chey Fuller, Jenna Harrison, & Gabby Dobbrastine.
There were many books that were written during the 1930's. Here are some that you might know..
Literacy in the 1930's
School in Rural America
-One room schoolhouses were heated in winter by a wood or coal stove.
School in Rural America
-Country schools went through hard times in the 1930s. The value of farm land plummeted and that meant the property taxes that supported schools fell as well.
John Dewey "Experience and Education"
-Children from different grade levels sat in one room with a teacher not much older than them.
- One room school houses students sat in rows by grade. Children in each grade would walk up and sit next to the teacher. As the teacher taught each class all the other students heard all of the lessons.
-During the Great Depression many schools in the United States closed down because of a lack of money
John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist , and educational reformer whose ideas and concepts have made a strong impact in education and social reform.
Experiential education began in 1896. Experiential learning is learning from experience.
John Dewey's philosophy published in "Experience and Education" in 1938. It was a study of progressive and traditional education. Traditional education focused mainly on curriculum and cultural heritage. Progressive education mostly focused on the students desire and the learners interests.
Dewey’s philosophy is that experience can appear from two things. The two things are continuity and interaction.
"Experience and Education" also tells about John Dewey's thoughts on education. It also talks about his observations of his experience at progressive schools.
John Dewey thought that curriculum should be closer to learners lives. Dewey's idea was to put a meaningful activity in learning that impacted the students lives. John Dewey also thought that students should participate in classroom activities.
John Dewey once said "Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself!"
Level of Education and State Laws
Long before the 1930's, the public school was a symbol of American Democracy.
In 1930, the condition of education was 14th among their concerns in the list " Paramount Problems of The United States".
During the depression, most Americans decided that they could not afford to go to school.
During the 1930's-40's, two major management studies of the department pointed out systematic problems in its organizations and operations. Some problems were solved, and others were not.
Segregated public schools in rural agricultural communities were used for Mexican Americans that emphasized vocational training and obedience to white authority figures rather than academic skills and higher education.
For women, they had sex-segregated school systems which protected "the virtue of female high school students." They also had classes that taught women how to sew, cook, and how to use new domestic inventions of the era. Women had little advantage in the struggle for stable work at a liveable wage for what they were being trained on.
Literacy is the ability to read and write.
In the year 1930 there were a total of 4.3% of people, 14 years or older, who were illiterate. There was a total of 16.4% African Americans who were illiterate in the year 1930.
Movies based off of books written in the 1930's.
Gone With the Wind
Little house on the Prairie
When television was invented, many believe that recreational reading would decline rapidly. However, their predictions were wrong. Reading levels increased, and they continued to increase all the way to the 1980's.
The Hobbit- 1937
And Then There Were None-1939
Of Mice and Men- 1937
Little House on the Prairie-1935
"120 Years of Literacy (Illiteracy)." <i>National Assesment of Adult Literacy</i>. Ies Institute of Educational Sciences. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <nces.ed.gov/naal/lit_history.asp>.
"John Dewey's Philosophy of Experience and Education." International Centre for Educators' Learning Styles. GNU/GPL License, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 15 Nov. 2014. <http://www.icels-educators-for-learning.ca/index.php?option=com_content&review=article&id=53&Itemid=68>.
"Only a Teacher." PBS. Web. 19 Nov. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/onlyateacher/john.html>.
"History of the Board & The State of Education Department." <i>NYSED.gov</i>. Board of Regents, 8 Dec. 2008. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <www.regents.gov/about/history-nysed.html>.