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Infants are Happier in Daycare Centers

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peter Achenbach

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Infants are Happier in Daycare Centers

Infants are Happier in Daycare Centers

Socialization

California Licensing department states infants are ages 0-2.
In daycare infants interact with other children, helping build relationships.
They begin establishing bonds with other children and teachers.
This is a time where children can begin creating friendships.
Spending time with teachers and other children helps build and strengthen trust.
Safety
In quality daycare facilities, teachers are highly educated in the field of child development. Daycares are licensed facilities and have to follow strict guidelines for safety.
Background checks and screenings are done on all employees before having any contact with children.

According to the California Department of Social Services Child Care Licensing Division (Child care centers), California Law requires providers in child care centers to complete 15 hours of training about health and safety. The training includes Pediatric First Aid, Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and preventative health practices.

Development
Continued
Quality daycare facilities have a curriculum of activities and an educational plan developed and designed especially for this particular age.

The day programs stay consistent and reliable which is especially important for infant development.
Infants learn to deal with new experiences, instead of being afraid, they learn to embrace change. Children develop by watching other children’s growth as well.

In the study done by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Dr. Margret Tresch Owen stated that “children were seen having behavior problems that showed up to age 2, by the age of 3 the behaviors disappeared.”
Quality child care programs promote children’s intellectual development, language development, and social development.

Daycare facilities have more educational tools and resources which helps children learn faster. In the classroom there are learning tools designed for that particular age. They are not just playing, they are learning new things.

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development found in a longitudinal study that children who attended quality daycare facilities had better vocabulary by fifth grade.

In this study they found that children who attended daycare facilities had higher motor skills and ability to perform higher testing in mathematics was found and they were better prepared to transition into higher learning environments.



Development
Socialization Continued
Teachers encourage and train children to behave in pro-social ways. By experience, children learn positive ways of handling crisis situations by seeing others and how the children handle conflicts. Teachers are there to supervise and intervene when necessary.

Children who are in high quality centers demonstrate better social skills which results in fewer behavioral issues. Children experience socialization with different cultures, ethnic backgrounds and variety of customs.

Child care can serve as an intervention for children who come from at-risk families, for example; violence in the home, neglect, addictions and poverty. This teaches children how to except others who are unlike themselves.


Safety Continued
After an eight year long research study Professor Julia Wrigley Ph.D, a Sociologist and acting associate provost at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York found infants are by far the most vulnerable children in care. She found that most die from being shaken, usually by a caregiver stressed by constant crying. In a database she put together from state records, legal cases, and news reports covering 1989-2003, she found 203 shaken-baby deaths in care in a private home and not a single one in a child care center.
Group 2
The Proper Place For Infants is in the home with the primary caregiver rather than in daycare because infants in the home tend to be happier? CON:


1. Development

2.Socialization

3. Safety


Peter, Mart & Michelle
Safety Continued
This training must include information about infectious diseases (including immunizations), preventing childhood injuries, caring for children with special needs and identification and reporting of child abuse.
It includes child nutrition, sanitary food handling, emergency preparedness, and evacuation information.

References
Andersson, B.-E. (1992), Effects of Day-Care on Cognitive and Socioemotional Competence of Thirteen -year old Swedish Schoolchildren. Child Development, 63:20-36. doi:1111/j. 1467-8624.1992.tb03592.x

National Institute of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1998). NICHHD's Study of Early Child Care.[Brochure]. NIH pub. No. 98-4318.

NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (1999). Chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and child functioning at 36 months. Developmental Psychology 35, 1297-1310.

NICHD Early Child Care Reasearch Network (1998). Early child care and self control, compliance and problem behavior at 24 and 36 months. Child development 69, 1145-1170.

Wrigley, J., & Dreby, J. (2005). Fatalities and the organization of child care in the United states, 1985-2003. American Socioligal Review, 70(5), 729-757

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