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Chinese History

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shania stephens

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Chinese History

CHINA http://www.orientalinteriors.com/closeup.asp?cid=45&pid=4745&offset=3 Laozi Xia Dynasty (Protohistoric)
ca. 2100 - ca. 1600 b.c.e. Neolithic Period
Ca. 7000 - Ca. 2000 b.c.e. Shang Dynasty
ca. 1600 - ca. 1100 b.c.e. Zhou Dynasty
ca. 1100 - 256 b.c.e. Western Zhou
ca. 1100 - 771 b.c.e. Eastern Zhou
770 - 256 b.c.e. CHINA TIMELINE Confucius Terra Cotta Warriors Spring & Autumn Period
770 - 476 b.c.e. Warring States period
475 - 221 b.c.e. Qin Dynasty
221 - 207 b.c.e. Shang Bronze Sculpture Many of the Shang bronze objects were used for the worship of ancestors who are usually inscribed on the vessel itself. They were especially cast to commemorate important events in the lives of their possessors. Han Dynasty
206 b.c.e. - 220 c.e. Chinese Stirrups http://www.chinahistoryforum.com/index.php?/topic/33993-eastern-han-heavy-cavalry-cataphracts/ Stirrups were made 1000 years after the saddle was discovered. It was discovered on a ceramic horse figurine that was buried in a first Jin Dynasty tomb near Najing in 323 c.e. Soon gold plated, triangular shaped stirrups were found in tombs showing that they were used by people, not just left on the statues. Www.about.com. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://asianhistory.about.com/ocl/asianinventions/a/invention-of-the-stirrup>. http://www.ncp-incontact.eu/nkswiki/index.php?title=Terracotta_army_emerges_in_its_true_colors The Terra Cotta warriors were found in the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. They were discovered in 1974 by a group of peasants who were trying to dig a well. They are life size statues and are arranged in battle formation facing the direction of Qin's enemy countries. They were believed to protect the emperor in the afterlife. http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/shaanxi/xian/terra-cotta_army/ Pagoda http://www.imagesofasia.com/html/china/china-shanghai-pagoda.html The origin of Pagodas is traced back to India and did not appear in China until maybe the first Century. They served as tombs for the remains of Buddhist monks of high reputation also called Sarira. They were also used as temples for offering sacrifices to peoples' ancestors. http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/43498.htm Wood Block Prints Tiananmen Square Massacre Great Wall of China Was built in the Qin Dynasty, by the orders of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. The wall was used as a defense barrier against enemies. Armies were stationed on the wall as a first line of defense, and signal fires were lit at the wall to provide warning of an attack. Period of Disunity
200 - 589 Sui Period
589 - 618 Tang Dynasty
618 - 907 Col, Jeananda. Enchanted Learning. http://www.EnchantedLearning.com 1996 Liao Dynasty
916 - 1125 Silk Robes Was used as ancient China’s main currency. It was used to pay taxes, fines, and wages. They also played an important role in the culture through silk ceremonies. Also brought the silk road, which was a route for trade with the westerners for silk. Song Dynasty
960 - 1279 Northern Song
960 - 1127 "Laura Morelli's The Genuine Article - National Geographic Traveler." Laura Morelli's The Genuine Article - National Geographic Traveler. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. Southern Song
1127 - 1279 Water Clock Mongolian Warriors The name Jiang Jieshi was changed to Chiang Kai-shek to Romanize his name. He graduated from military academy in Japan and became a supporter of the Chinese revolution. Chiang became China's overall leader by leading the Northern Expedition in trying to unify China. “He served as chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948,”(www.bdcconline.net). Chaing was against the Chinese Communist Party (CCP); so when the Japanese surrendered to them During a Civil War Chiang tried to eliminate the CCP. Unfortunately, he failed and was forced to retreat to Taiwan. There he became the first president of the Republic of China. Jin Dynasty
1115 - 1234 Hundreds, and possibly thousands, of people were killed in the massacre, although it is unlikely a precise number will ever be known. BBC News. BBC, 06 Apr. 1989. Web. 08 Feb. 2013 Yuan Dynasty
1279 - 1368 Oracle Bones Oracle Bones is an ancient script carved on tortoise shells or animal bones. Having emerged during the Shang Dynasty (1600B.C.-1000B.C.), Oracle Script is considered the oldest script in China. "History - Archeology." Oracle Bones. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013 Ming Dynasty
1368 - 1644 Qing Dynasty
1644 - 1911 Republic of China
1911 - 1949 People's Republic of China
1949 - Present Taiping Soldier The Taiping Rebellion was a large scale revolt conducted by an army and civil administration inspired by Hakka, self proclaimed mystics named Hong Xruquan, and Yang Xiuqing. HONG said that he was the Christ's brother. Yang was frequently able to act as a mouthpiece of God to direct the people and gain himself a large amount of political power. Both men and their followers established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom(Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace) and attained control of significant parts of Southern China. The army contained about 3 million people. 100,000 of the soldiers were killed everyday. http://taipingrebellion.com/ http://newwebencyclopedia.org/entry/taiping_rebellion Jiang Jieshi Doyle, G. Wright. "Jiang Jieshi." : J: By Person: Stories: Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.bdcconline.net/en/stories/j/jiang-jieshi.php>. "Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)." Cultural China. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://history.cultural-china.com/en/46History7126.html>. Mao Mao was born a peasant and lived a difficult life. In 1921, he co-founded the Chinese Communist Party. In 1949, Mao became Chairman of the People’s Republic of China. In order to prove that he was fit to lead China he swam down the Yangste River each year. Trueman, Chris. "Mao Zedong." Mao Zedong. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/mao_zedong.htm>. Boxer Soldiers In 1900 members of a secret Chinese society roamed China in groups, killing people of European, American, or any foreign race. They believed that they were impervious to bullets because they practiced boxing skills and calisthenic rituals. They were known as the Boxers to Westerners, and their uprising became known as the Boxer Rebellion. "Boxer Rebellion (Chinese History)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/76364/Boxer-Rebellion>. The water clock is designed to tell time by the amount of dripping water. A marked rod is kept vertical by a device that keeps it afloat. When the water drips outside or inside the container, the marked rod will sink or rise; therefore, indicating the time. "History and Literature - Archeology." History. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://history.cultural-china.com/en/58H2802H8140.html>. The Mongol Warriors were very good in the art of war. The Mongolians were tough because of their variety in skills in weaponry, organized formations, and armor. They were very good archers and horseback riders as well. "Mongolian Warriors." Legends & Chronicles. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-warriors/mongolian-warriors/>. Han Feizi He was an ancient Chinese writer. He came up with the philosophy of legalism. He was greatly admired by the ruler of the state of Qin. "Research Article: Han Fei (C. 280?–233 Bce)." BookRags. BookRags, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.bookrags.com/research/han-fei-c-280233-bce-eoph/>. "Confucianism." Confucianism. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.crystalinks.com/confucianism.html>. Confucius was considered a very important person, famous sage, and philosopher of China. Confucius's ideas were not accepted during his lifetime and he remained unemployed. His beliefs later in life influenced many cultures. He is the first philosopher of Chinese Daoism and founder of Taoism. Laozi was honored as a philosopher, saint, or god in popular religion and was worshipped as a royal ancestor. Little is known about Laozi, but there are many stories about him that were created. "Laozi (Chinese Daoist Philosopher)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/330163/Laozi>.
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